Notes on Growth Hormones - Growth Hormones-Treatment with...

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Growth Hormones -Treatment with synthetic growth hormones can lead to near-expected adult height if administered early—well before the start of puberty Children born small for their gestational age are often shorter as adults. -Some of these children may also benefit from growth hormone therapy, but results with this group have been variable and additional research is needed to determine why some children benefit and others do not. -The thyroid gland also plays a key role in physical growth and development and in the development of the nervous system. -Children whose mothers had a thyroid deficiency during pregnancy can experience intellectual problems -Thyroid deficiency during infancy can also lead to mental retardation and slow growth if unnoticed -Children who develop a thyroid deficiency later in life will not suffer brain
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Unformatted text preview: damage, because most of their brain growth will have already occurred, but their physical growth will slow drastically. -Male sex hormones become highly important again during adolescence. When people speak of adolescence as a time of “raging hormones,” they are quite right.-The testes of a male secrete large quantities of testosterone and other male hormones (called androgens ). -These hormones stimulate the production of growth hormone, which in turn triggers the adolescent growth spurt. -Androgens are also responsible for the development of the male sex organs and contribute to sexual motivation during adulthood. -Meanwhile, in adolescent girls, the ovaries (also endocrine glands) produce larger quantities of the primary female hormone, estrogen , and of progesterone....
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  • Summer '12
  • BarakatYousif
  • Endocrine gland, synthetic growth hormones

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