Kindergarten: Originated by Frederick Froebel.
-Maria Montessori, sensory learning,
practical life skills, and didactic materials.
Curriculum that is based on piagetian cognative
principles, developed after the model of the Perry study by David Weikart.
Plan-do-review: The basic
methods of the high/scope cognitive curriculum.
Children make choices with teacher assistance, carry
out the activity, and report on the activity.
Key Experiences: Active learning, use of language,
experiences that allow children to represent their ideas and experiences, opportunities for classification,
opportunities for seriation, opportunities to understand spatial relationships, understanding of time.
emphasizes the “whole child” with the goal of child being self motivated.
interaction with others, multisensory experiences, creative art.
Teachers are Mother figures and stay with
children of the same age group over time.
A style of education developed in American
progressive schools and in british infant schools, based on freedom of choice and individualized
Italy, world famous for their child centered and extensive project approach to
Bank street philosophy: Principles of best traditional nursery school practice, as exemplified by
the lab school and the college education established by Lucy Sprague Mitchell, based on Dewey’s
principles of progressive education, linking theory and practice.
Association of childhood education
international(ACEI): Oldest early childhood professional organization in the united states.
associated with the kindergarten movement.
Divergent thinking: Not centered on finding correct answers,
but is flexible and moves in creative directions.
Infancy: birth-12 months.
unique temperament, activity level, reactivity, mood, “easy”, “difficult”, “slow to warm”, relative
helplessness, rapidly changing, sensory driven.
-first steps, first words, attachment,
social interactions, beginning of self help.
-physical care and beyond, consistent
relationships w/ adults, feelings of love and security, predictable responses.
Toddlers: 12-36 months
-intrinsically motivated, mobile, egocentric, emotional, verbal.
-toileting, talking, self help, social interactions.
active learning, safety.
Preschoolers: 3-5 yrs