Lecture 13 � German art-song tradition

Lecture 13 � German art-song tradition - Lecture 13...

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Lecture 13 – German art-song tradition Song: text-based German: lied : art song, lieder : art songs, liederkreis : art song cycle Romanticism: 1830s Melodic writing before Romanticism, during Enlightenment, Classicalism Symmetry, balance, sobriety in melodic writing Melodic writing during Romantic Period Imbalance, loosely structured, begin lyrically and beautifully, end badly Mendelssohn: accused of starting with beautiful melody, but then become mechanical and scale-like (ex. Mendelssohn Violin Concerto) Beethoven: foregrounds more aggressive rhythmic textures, puts melody to the side, substitute for standard melodic writing (ex. Beginning of 5 th Symphony, repeated notes pattern ) Why did this take place? Old melodic method became old-fashioned, purveyor of pitch o 19 th c.: Tchaikovsky, Dvorak: criticized for clinging to outmoded styles of melody and balance and symmetry realm of the endless melody, Romantic composers charged with representing dissatisfaction, melancholy, loss , unrequited desire, unresolved longing and lost, dissatisfaction with reality, yearning for idyllic state of being they never had in the first place: paradoxical state, want to attain a higher level of experience, loss of the loss o film o Berlioz’s love Robert Schumann (1810-56)
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