Political Socialization Unit Revised(2014-2015).pptx -...

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PoliticalSocialization andPublic Opinion
Political BeliefsPolitical SocializationThe process by whichpeople gain theirpolitical attitudes andbeliefsPublic Opinionthose attitudes held bya significant number ofpeople on matters ofgovernment and politics
Factors That ShapeBeliefs and Opinions1.The FamilyPolitical socializationbegins within the familyAdult political behavior isfirmly based on attitudesand values formed in thehome in early childhood2.The Schoolsgive children formalknowledge that they willneed to be good citizens
3.The MassMediatelevision, theinternet, socialmedia, radio, film,books, magazines,and newspapers,have a largeinfluence onpublic opinion
4.OpinionLeaders(Celebrities)people who have morethan the usual amountof influence on theattitudes of othersinclude politicians,members of the press,and professional people,athletes, actors
5.Friends/PeersPeople who youinteract with on a dailybasis will influenceyour viewsViews are often sharedwithin a group that youhang out with.
How to measure public opinionPollsPolls are generally reliableand help to focus attentionon public issuesPoliticians can respond to whatthey see
Other Measures of Public OpinionElectionsWho winsInterest GroupsWhich ones arepowerful indicatewhat issues areimportantMediaOften set publicagenda
PoliticalPartiesMAGRUDER CHAPTER FIVE
What is a Party?A political party is a groupwho seeks to controlgovernment through winningelections and holding publicofficeMost are committed to acommon set of public policiesand programs (platform)Democrats and Republicansare coalitions that are election,rather than issue, centered
What Do Parties Do?1.*Nominating function*Parties recruit and choosecandidatesThe most important partyfunction in the UnitedStatesprovide nominees with asolid base of support
What Do Parties Do?2.Inform and ActivateSupportersParties take stands onissues and criticize thestands taken by theiropponentsParties use the media toperform this educationalfunctionAdvertisements,commercials, pamphlets
What Do Parties Do?3.The Bonding AgentParties try to ensurethat the people theynominate arequalified and of goodcharacterwork to ensure thatelected officials dotheir job well
What Do Parties Do?4.TheGovernmentalFunctionParties run thelegislative andexecutivebranchesState and federalofficials appointedon partisan basis
What Do Parties Do?5.Watchdog FunctionThe party out of power scrutinizes and criticizesthe actions of government officialsforces public officials to be more responsive to popularconcerns
Membership of thePartiesParty membership is voluntary2/3 follow the allegiance of parentsThere are some segments of theelectorate that tend to supportone party or the otherDemocrats: Catholics, Minorities,Females, Lower Class, CitiesRepublicans:White Males,Protestants, Upper Class, Suburbs

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Mass Media, Politics of the United States

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