lecture 5 - of Messina 2. The Messinians appeal to...

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Catching up with Lecture 4: More on Cato – comes in after the war on Carthage A. early life; Fabius Maximus B. Cato the Censor (184-179 B.C.), pp. 136-140; sumptuary legislation I. The Roman Expansion in Italy Various factors, e.g., no primogeniture; bellum pium et iustum ; military tactics: phalanx vs. maniple (see Lect. 4) The Pios and just war Challenge and response ( Arnold Toynbee ) 1. external: divide and rule; Latin League (dissolved in 338 B.C.); 295 B.C.: battle at Sentinum (northern Italy) against Etruscans and Gauls; 281-272 B.C.: war against Pyrrhus ( Pyrrhic victory ); ius commercii, ius conubii 2. internal: civil rights; patricians vs. plebeians 494 B.C.: secession; 450 B.C.: Laws of the 12 Tables ; tribunes of the people and their veto power; 367 B.C.: plebeian consul; 300 B.C.: plebeian augurs; 287 B.C.: Lex Hortensia II. The First Punic War (264-241 B.C.): Sicily A. Origins: 1. In 265 B.C., a horde of Italian mercenaries, the Mamertines , take over the Sicilian city
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Unformatted text preview: of Messina 2. The Messinians appeal to Syracuse; in 265 B.C., a Syracusan expedition almost dislodges the Mamertines 3. Thereupon, the Mamertines appeal to Carthage; a Carthaginian garrison is established in Messina 4. Thereupon, the Mamertines, presumably to get rid of the Carthaginians, send an embassy to Rome appealing for help and alliances B. The course of the war: Hamilcar Barca; Regulus ; sea engagements and rostra III. What if Carthage had won: Carthaginian civilization ; Phoenicians A. political system; merchants (exploration: Hanno ) vs. war party (Barcids) B. Religion: Baal; Tanit; tophets (burial grounds); apotropaic masks; human sacrifices IV. The Second Punic War (218-201 B.C .) Hannibal ; Saguntum ; Alps and elephants; Fabius; Cannae (216 B.C.); Scipio and Zama (202 B.C.): Patton was there (clip from Patton , 1970) V. Long-term consequences: new trends vs. old traditions, e.g. in religion...
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