Lecture_Two - Lecture Two Lecture 2 THE ETRUSCANS(AND ROME...

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Lecture Two January 17, 2008 Lecture 2: THE ETRUSCANS (AND ROME) I. The Significance of the Etruscans A. in their own right A very advanced civilization. Not replicated anywhere else. B. as transmitters of Greek culture Opened up the Italians to different cultures from the East. o Romans were not cultural imperialists. Etruscans looked to Greece and learned from them. Took up their Olympic religion C. influence on Romans Origins of Rome- Two stories: o Romulus o Aeneas: From Troy a refugee. o Son of Anchises and Venus Anchises was paralyzed so Aeneas had to carry him out of Troy. Was maimed when he bragged about sleeping with Venus. Etruscan myth. II. Origins vs. formation A. Oriental affinities According to Herodotus the Etruscans came from Asia Minor, Lydia because they were so unlike other Italians. There was a big famine in Lydia and they came to Italy around 750 B.C. There was no evidence of destruction, a peaceful beginning 1. role of women Etruscans were matronymic. They took the mother’s name. Women had an emphasis in art. Often depicted on top of the sarcophagus with the husband 2. revealed religion; augurs Oriented towards divination of natural phenomena. Augurs were priests who divined the will of the gods by flight patterns of birds. Often consulted before major events. 3. near easterners on Ischia (8th cent.) Island close to Crete. Have evidence of microsociety. Brought art forms from the East and blended to make hybrid people and culture B. Indigenous Dionysius of Halicarnassus, (1st cent. B.C.)
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Said the Etruscans must have been native. Said there was no evidence of arrival, not entirely true. Villanovans, o Iron age civilization. o Etruscians used the iron mines to their advantage. o hut urns were used by the Villanovans, changed later to canopic urns (human figures) C. Culture as dynamic process, Developing civilization. Not so much ‘origin’ but more ‘formation’ with continuing development, not
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Lecture_Two - Lecture Two Lecture 2 THE ETRUSCANS(AND ROME...

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