LectureNotes - I. Some Modern Perspectives A. Rome and...

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I. Some Modern Perspectives A. Rome and America Similarities/Paralels. ; Pax Romana and Pax Americana ; some other identifications America/Rome: Peace. Founders' (e.g. Jefferson ) admiration of Roman Republic (509- 31 B.C.) vs. decadent Empire (31 B.C. - A.D. 476). Agriculture. Constitution: checks and balances, veto (I prevent, forbid) Jefferson Memorial based on the Pantheon. Entertainment, Colosseium. arena spectacles; Colosseum (note spelling). Named after a Collasal statue of Nero, a god. Associated with a good time. Stable world garunteed by world power. B. Differences: mos maiorum [mores of the majors, i.e. elders) vs. progress; life expectancy; technology; acquisition of wealth; long-term vs. short-term perspectives. Romans did not believe in progress, whenever they had a problem they would look back instead of forward. Much less life expectancy, average was 35 years. Since they had a shorter life their perspectives were more short- term. C. The Romantic view: creative Greeks and Roman "imitators"; Greek and Roman temples They hybridize and adapt ideas. They are a hybrid civilization. The Roman temple is on a podium and must only be accessed from the front. Bound into a system of respect. The Greek temple is open on all sides. D. The Romans as Stoics and decadents. Self-disciplined, virtue, can see the Romans as either way. The more signs of age on the face the better. E. Rome as a melting pot; ecumenical [from oikumene ]; peculium – peculiar, Rome takes in all these different cultures and religions. Pantheon. They love it that way. Roman is always changing. Freed slaves are called freedmen. They symolicly buy their freedom from their masters. Their children are Roman citizens. F. Antiquity as inspiration: classicizing architecture, e.g. Disney HQ copies the style from a temple using women as columns. II. The Tasks Of The Historian A. Documentation; modern vs. ancient. B. Interpretation; revisionism (cf. historians on U.S. Presidents) III. Sources And Evidence A. Literary: Greek and Roman historians, e.g. Plutarch (c. A.D. 50-120); his sources: 1. Official documents, e.g. Annales Maximi ["Greatest Annals"; from annus = year; cf. annual]; Gallic sack of Rome (390 B.C.) 2. Family archives and historians; their biases. Rome was not a Democracy and the power was held by several ruling families so the historians were paid to build up the reputations of the families. Very unreliable. 3. Early Greek and Roman historians; their limitations, The Guals invaded all of Italy and took overall
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course CC 302 taught by Professor Galinsky during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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LectureNotes - I. Some Modern Perspectives A. Rome and...

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