All Lectures - Part 2 - All Lectures Part 2 Systems of...

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All Lectures – Part 2 Systems of Stratification I. What is Stratification? 1. Definition: a structured system that ranks entire groups of people in ways that perpetuate unequal rewards and life chances in a society. 2. Was epitomized on the Titanic 3. Can depend on where you are born and/or the family you are born into b. Formal Stratification 1. Is usually defined by law 2. Slavery a. So divisive in the US it caused the Civil War 3. Caste System a. Somewhere between slavery and feudal b. Closure of different social levels, ex: India, South Africa (apartheid) c. Developed vs. developing nations 4. Feudal System a. Largely in Europe b. Divided by land c. About economic power c. Informal Stratification 1. Social Class a. Definition: Any group of people who share a similar economic position in society based on their wealth and income b. Most people claim to be in the middle class (there is a morality to it) c. No one wants to admit being on either extreme d. Max Weber 1. Believed your class had more to do with than your income. 2. Your car and clothing play a role e. Eric Olin Wright 1. Contradictory class locations 2. Who has control over the means of production 3. Influenced by Karl Marx f. Frank Parking
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1. Idea of social closure where groups try to maintain exclusive control over resources 2. Happens in 3 ways a. Exclusion (can be based on ascribed characteristics) b. Credentials 1. You have to have certain degrees and certificates for certain jobs 2. Putting values on levels of education to do certain things c. Usurpation 1. Writer’s strike 3. Two Ways around the social closure a. Achievement 1. Sheer raw talent and ability b. Work inside the system 1. Roles in the civil rights movement between JFK and Martin Luther King Jr. 2. JFK inside, MLK outside 3. Needed both of these pieces to make it 2. Socioeconomic Status a. Definition: the prestige, honor, respect, and lifestyle associated with different positions of groups in society. 3. Consumers a. Takes organization to have people not consume something from the bottom up II. Three Views on Stratification a. Structural Functionalist 1. Because stratification is universal, it must serve some purpose. 2. Idea that stratification must serve some purpose: it’s useful 3. Need roles in our society (i.e. picking up trash, construction work) b. Conflict 1. We have stratification because it allows powerful people to keep hold on their power. 2. Wal-Mart trying to keep unions out of their industry, union bustling c. Symbolic Interactionism 1. Stratification is created and maintained in small, often intimate groups. 2. Capacity to do certain things and where you are in this effects your life chances
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3. Experience of working: feel like you have to be better than everyone else to get a little bit more, had to get a second job Poverty and Economic Inequality (pt. 1) III. Social Mobility a. Definition: Movement of people or groups from one level to another. b.
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All Lectures - Part 2 - All Lectures Part 2 Systems of...

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