visual arts history 1052 lecture 3 - IMG:Olympia,Manet Firstshiftinart ,(craftsintroduced IMG:,WilliamMorris

visual arts history 1052 lecture 3 - IMG:Olympia,Manet...

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Introduction to Post-Modernity 01/20/2012 IMG: Olympia, Manet First shift in art No longer used academic painting only, now interested in how materials are used (crafts introduced) IMG: Embroidered Seat Cushion, William Morris We see a reform movement Wanted to change the way arts and crafts were produced Significance of the 1860’s increased trade with Japan Japanese woodblock prints become popular The Ukioye “floating world” Inspires art of the west (not only for form, but availability) Flat colour, asymmetry, low diagonal axes are appropriated by Art Nouveau Engages with what was going on in Europe at this time Movement seen with diagonal flow Counteracts European desire for order Flow of info and style from east to west IMG: Job Cigarettes Ad, Alphonse Mucha, 1898 Art Nouveau Return to fantast, eroticism, organic and fluid lines, flat colour Increased fantastical ornamentation Represents shift in how women were represented Women not contained by convention (she’s smoking) Body almost goddess like First time sex is used for advertising; shows shift in modern period Also reflects cabaret culture
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Introduction to Post-Modernity 01/20/2012 Increase of entertainment and advertising in public sphere Visual culture of cabaret world takes over No longer need carving tools: you can now draw on things Demise caused by the rise of German Sachplakat (object poster) German Poster IMG: Priester Matches, Lucien Bernhard, 1905 “you add by subtracting” burnt messages= key component committee saw it, hated it, went back and loved it IMG: Adler Typewriters, Lucien Bernhard, 1905 Very graphic Limited use of colour Avant Garde Self criticism of art in Bourgeois society Art as a subject of social institution As an institution (shapes ideologies, beliefs, opinions, while working to maintain “norm”) Needs to be criticized as a governing body of thought, belief, and creative output System immanent criticism Criticism of old idea by offering a new idea Self criticism Works against institution Dada challenges art as an institution=value, education, standards, output, exhibition, exchange market,  artist as genius Art and its experiences brought into everyday life Artworks seen to do something We can only criticize art when it is removed of its political meaning
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Introduction to Post-Modernity 01/20/2012 Cubism IMG: Les Desmoiselles d’Avignon, Pablo Picasso, 1907 Beginning of cubism Picasso influenced by masks Shows his influence and desire to question modes of seeing fractured bodies/shapes allow you to see  many perspectives at once Takes place primarily in France Life very compressed at this time 2 branches: analytic/synthetic
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