visual arts history 1052 lecture 4 - SEX::chromosomes,hormonalprofiles,:MALE orFEMALE ISSUE:;(combinationof organsandgenitals GEND

visual arts history 1052 lecture 4 -...

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Gender and Sexual Difference 01/20/2012 SEX: Refers to biological differences: chromosomes, hormonal profiles, internal and external organs: MALE  or FEMALE? ISSUE: More than just 2 sexes are possible; there is a potential for a chromatic scale of sex (combination of  organs and genitals) GENDER: Sex that a society or culture delineates as masculine/feminine. Hegemonic Gender Norms: Ideal features… Women: Slender, skinny, pale skin, soft hair, health conscious, almond shaped eyes, manicured nails (prosthesis) Men: Muscular/toned, sun kissed skin, short, clean hair, health conscious, groomed Through various media, Western notions of beauty are repeated and reinforced as images of the ideal LAURA MULVEY ARTICLE: Deconstruction of pleasure as a radical weapon Work ordered by sexual imbalance (active/male, passive/female) Male gaze projects fantasy Women simultaneously looked at and displayed Psychoanalytic roots: fear of castration in men leads to feat of women with powers or an illusion of power “To-be-looked-at-ness” women coded for strong visual and erotic impact on screen allows women to be seen as a sex object Women function on two levels: 1. erotic objects for characters within the story 2. erotic objects for spectators; shifting tension on either side of the  screen Gaze of spectator and that of the audience are combined In photographs, light lips act as an emphasis on beauty
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Gender and Sexual Difference 01/20/2012 SCOPOPHILIA: Greek, “love of looking” Feeling of sexual pleasure derived from looking at erotic objects
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