SOCI 270 (Lecture 2) - May 5 2014 SOCI 270 History of...

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May 5, 2014SOCI 270History of FeminismOUTLINE: -Gender: an overview (primer for tomorrow)oWhy do we care? What does sociology have to say?oRenzetti and Curran (2003)-The ‘Woman question’oSimone de BeauvoirCatalyzing decades of feminist scholarship“The Second Sex” -Feminism’s historyoPresentation of film Iron Jawed AngelsWHAT IS GENDER?-Gender as master statusoInforms speech, behavior, dress, career choices, and other’s expectations of youoAs a master status: it takes over a large chunk of your identity, it forms your speech etc. oSocial process, learning from the beginning, sometimes parents feel pressure to form this based on masculine/feminine identity -Sex/gender systemoSocial construction of gender on basis of sexGender is a social constructionIt is often the social counterpart Sex/gender system is how our society is organized based onsex and it informs social relations/organization Broadest category, one of the main defining characteristics isthe sexual division of labor This exists in a discursive realm as well as on the grounded material realm (who is actually doing the jobs) These two spheres interact a lotoSexual division of laboroSocial regulation of sexualityC.f. Rubin Subfield, a whole area of feminist theory devoted to sexualitySexual orientation, sexual behavior, the thought of human beings as being involved in sexuality -The role of institutionsoThey are central for the ways to which genders are constructed, theimportance that it’s given (such as religious institutions giving weight to gender such as in marriage) -Different consequences for men & womenoExamples

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