GOVERNMENT 2305Study GuideChapter 2The Founding and the Constitution Learning Objectives Identify the events that led to the Declaration of Independence. Understand the goals of the American Revolution Describe the concept of separation of powers Know the major institutions and rules established by the Constitution Understand the theory of checks and balance Understand the meaning of judicial review Understand how the U. S. Constitution was ratified Understand the process of amending the U. S. Constitution Know the differences between Federalist and Anti-Federalist Explain when and how the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution Understand the importance of Marbury v. Madison Review Questions Why did the British government step up its control of the American colonies in the 1770’s? Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence? What was the purpose of government according to Thomas Jefferson? What was the primary goal of the American Revolution? What was Shay’s Rebellion and why was it important? Which state boycotted the Constitutional Convention? What was the significance of the Annapolis Convention? Which plan called for each state to have equal representation in Congress? What in meant by “checks and balances”? How was the new Constitution to be ratified?