Final Review - Review Sheet for Final Exam Evans-Pritchard...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Review Sheet for Final Exam Evans-Pritchard Prichard was the anthropologist who studied the Azande. He developed the notion of the stomach sack which was revealed after death. According to Pritchard, witchcraft is a subconscious act while sorcery a conscious act of magic. The trait of witchcraft is passed down from generation to generation Azande Tribe located in central Africa who Pritchard studied. Witchcraft is not only inherent but there is a physical reminder (black sack). Homeopathic Magic: Magic is imitative. You imitate what action you want to occur and direct it towards someone or something else. Contagious Magic Contagious magic is actually taking something that has been in contact with the person. It is believed that these things have a lingering effect. Social Strain Gauge This was a theory developed by Max Marwick which claims that witchcraft is simply a measure of social tension in a community. He claims that accusations occur among social relationships which contain social tension or stress. For example, among co-wives there is a high degree of stress who often compete over the love and attention of the husband. Religio/Superstitio This is a Roman concept describing excessive religious devotion and irregular piety Maleficium It is the Roman term that originally meant ‘crime’ and it becomes the most important medieval term for diabolical witchcraft Canon Episcopi The Canon Episcopi provides the earliest link between witchcraft and heresy but also gives a strong statement about the diabolical nature of heresy. This text is the starting point for all systematic discussions of sorcery and witchcraft from the 14 th century on. In this document, witches held pacts with the devil. It further dismissed the physical reality of witchcraft. Belief in witchcraft also is associated with a weakness in faith. Eradicate these people from the church and districts. It was a warning to bishops. Regino of Prüm Author of the Canon Episcopi Burchard of Worms The Burchard of Worms makes the transition away from the physical aspects of witchcraft and focus more on the moral implications. He makes the distinction that those who believe in love spells or believe in incantations, then you are weak of faith. His works talk about punishments inside of the church. He writes the Decretum Waldensians They are a 12 th Century, non-dualist heretical sect, accused of worshipping the Devil in the form of a goat Arras trial, 1459 Malleus Maleficarum (1486) Heinrich Institoris (Krämer) He is the primary author of the Malleus Maleficarum. He was a German inquisitor whose fervor for witchcraft prosecutions and trials made him famous or infamous depending on your point of view
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Jakob Sprenger He was the co-author of the Malleus Maleficarium. He was also a German inquisitor. He was not a huge contributor to the book but he wanted to add extra authority to the work as a whole. Pope Innocent VIII
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 8

Final Review - Review Sheet for Final Exam Evans-Pritchard...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online