Readings - Western Sexuality Study Guide Molly Cohen Title:...

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Unformatted text preview: Western Sexuality Study Guide Molly Cohen Title: Sex as an Alternative to Aggression in the Bonobo Author: Frans B.M. De Waal Important notes: Author compares sex to an addiction o Why does it make people feel so good? Other animals do not partake in non reproductive sex Bonobo (Pan paniscus), or pygmy chimpanzee also has sex for pleasure o Discovered in the 1920s o behave as if they have read the Kama Sutra Waals research focuses on aggression, not primate sex o After aggression, bonobos often involve in genital stimulation Face to face copulation has been seen as reflecting the dignity and sensibility that separate civilized humans from sub humans. Research was conducted at the San Diego Zoological Garden o 10 Bonobos in 3 separate subgroups Adult male/female pair and an adolescent male Mother-infant pair and an adolescent male Four Juveniles (2 M, 2 F) Female bonobos has a longer menstrual cycle (45 days compared to the chimpanzee of 35 days) compared to other animals o More time to have sex Partake in many different mounting positions o Most common: ventro-ventral mount o The article describes very sexual, intense sexual positions involving both females, males, and male-female These positions also involve bonobos of all ages Often the infant are seen with adolescents Example: occurred between adult females, with the partners facing in opposite directions. While one female lies on her back, the other stands over her, with her back turned, rubbing her genitals against her recumbent partners. Other Acts of Stimulation Mouth-mouth kissing Fellatio Manual Massage Masturbation Are they pleasured? o Studies show that females often bared their teeth or squealed during sex Food as gifts o Often bonobos would exchange food following sexual intercourse The species regulates social tension by means of nongential contact forms Title: The Social Origins of Sexual Development Author: John H. Gagnon and William Simon Important notes: The natural in sexual conduct is ambiguous o Our view of sex insists that it is a natural function, growing out of biological or evolutionary or species needs or imperatives Supplies us a belief in a cultural, historical, and transpecies comparisons o Another view, the natural also exists in opposition to the unnatural; of the wide variety of sexual expressions there are those that are natural Contribute to species survival o Linkage between these two levels o Distinctions between the natural and unnatural in sex behavior is...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course AMCULT 232 taught by Professor Newton during the Fall '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Readings - Western Sexuality Study Guide Molly Cohen Title:...

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