CivilRightsMovement - Race Ethnicity Civil Rights Movement...

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11-6-07 Civil Rights Movement Objectives - End segregation - Ensure voting rights - Some call this time a “second reconstruction era” Civil Rights Movement - Validates Black Activism - Cut ground from moderate politicians - Jim Crow will put up a fight - The power of the masses Brown v. Board (1954) - Ending segregation? - Segregation dejure (by law) must be abolished - Finally overturned Plessy v. Ferguson - Thurgood Marshall- Attorney for the NAACP during Brown v. Board, put forth the idea that segregation causes lifelong feelings of inferiority, later became the first black Supreme Court justice - Brown v. Board II- Segregation must end with “all deliberate speed” o South chose to move slowly on this issue - 1956- Tennessee (Al Gore Sr.), Texas (Lyndon B. Johnson- D), Arkansas- 3 senators refuse to sign the Southern Manifesto (maintain segregation), these senators want to uphold the supreme court’s decision Montgomery - Summer of 1955, Montgomery, AL o Rosa Parks- member of the NAACP o Truth- actually sat in the black section of the bus, but there was no more room in the white section, so she was expected to give her seat to a white person - Led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott o Had been attempted by other individuals before Nothing happened from earlier attempts because it needed: right person, right time, and right place in order for it to be effective o There had been other bus boycotts, but non had lasted as long as the one in Montgomery The ideas during the Civil Rights Movement were not isolated to one area, spread to other regions - i.e.- Tallahassee o C.K. Steele- reverend, local leader of the civil rights movement in Tallahassee, one of the leading figures
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in the Tallahassee Bus Boycott The Sit-Ins - February 1, 1960 - Greensboro, NC - Students (from North Carolina A&T) walk into the department store Woolworths o 4 students sat at the lunch counter all day, never served, never left until the store closed o Came back the next day with more people, refused to leave unless they were served o Grew daily, by the 5 th day, there were 300 protesters Violence erupted, some arrested, beaten o The next day, more people showed up, and willingly faced the consequences of their actions o The violent protests attracted the media Albany, GA - Laurie Pritchett- head of the police in Albany GA o Idea: react to nonviolent protesters with nonviolence from police o Meets with the protesters- can meet in small, peaceful numbers If groups get too big, all are arrested, but not in a violent manner (adults are the ones arrested, nobody to work and support the family) o Media sees what’s happening, but because of the lack of violence, no
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CivilRightsMovement - Race Ethnicity Civil Rights Movement...

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