4. Atisha and the 3 Orders.pptx - The Lamp for the Path to...

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The Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment Three Scopes and the Three Orders of Tibetan Buddhism Geshe Thupten Dorjee
Tibetan Religious History 2 King of western Tibetan kingdom of Guge Renounced the throne and became a Buddhist monk. Took the name Yeshe Wo. He sent 21 monks to India, all but two died. Rinchen Zangpo and Lekbe Sherap returned to Tibet in 987. Tsenpo Khore (Yeshe O)
Tibetan Religious History 3 Yeshe Wo captured by neighboring king, held for “his weight in gold” ransom. Yeshe Wo instructed his brother not to pay the ransom, but to send it to Atisha instead, asking Atisha to come to Tibet to reintroduce the Dharma. Yeshe Wo died in prison. His great-nephew, Jangchup O, invited and successfully persuaded Atisha.. Yeshe Wo
Tibetan Religious History 4 Atisha Atisha had a vision of Tara. Tara said if he went to Tibet, his visit would benefit many sentient beings, but his life would be shortened by 10 years. He arrived in Guge in 1042 at the age of 60. He composed several works. "Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment”, his greatest text, is a summary of the Buddhist path. Brings together the two scholastic streams/ideologies, Mahayana and Tantra. He founded the Kadam order. He died in Tibet in 1054.
Tibetan Religious History 5 After Atisha's Death Buddhism continued to flourish in Tibet. Independent Tibetan schools began to develop. First was the Sakya sect: Founded by Gonchok Gyelpo (1034-1102) His son, Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158) was known as the "Great Sakyapa" because of his extensive learning
Tibetan Religious History Nyingmapa: "Old School" Oldest of the four orders of Tibetan Buddhism. Traces itself back to Padmasambhava (Guru Rinpoche) who, according to Tibetan tradition, helped to establish Buddhism in Tibet in the eighth century. Nyingma
Tibetan Religious History Adherents rely on the "old translations" (snga ‘gyur), made during the period of the first dissemination of Buddhism to Tibet. The other main source of Nyingma doctrines and practices is the "teaching lineage" (bka’ ma), believed to represent an unbroken line of transmission of the Dharma from the Buddha. Unlike the other orders of Tibetan Buddhism, it never developed a centralized leadership or organized hierarchy, and generally avoided political involvements. Nyingma
Tibetan Religious History The name Kagyu pa literally means "teaching lineage" It traces its lineage back to the Indian Mahasiddha Tilopa (988-1069), who was the teacher of Naropa (1016-1100). Kagyu pa
Tibetan Religious History In ancient India, the teachings passed from teacher to student for around 1,500 years. Then in the tenth century, tradition tells us that a wandering ascetic named Tilopa (988-1069) achieved full realization. Tilopa gave many teachings including the famous “Ganges Mahamudra”, which Lama Ole Nydahl often teaches on Diamond Way Buddhist courses. Tilopa chose Naropa as his main student.

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