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INR 2002 Study Guide Exam 2 November 5

INR 2002 Study Guide Exam 2 November 5 - INR 2002 Study...

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INR 2002 Study Guide Exam 2 November 5, 2007 Chapter 4: Conflict, War ad Terrorism Types of War: 1) Hegemonic war – the type of war that is impossible because it would destroy civilization = world war 2) Total war – when one country invades another to conquer, occupy 3) Limited war – US going to drive out Iraq from Kuwait 4) Civil war – internal war/conflict 5) Guerilla war – also usually internal Causes of War: Individual level -Human nature and aggression -Conflict is normal, reflecting, rational decision of national leaders -Weigh outcome if benefits outweigh costs -Deviations from rationality Domestic level -Duration of independence -Culture determinants/nationalism -Poverty -Militarization -Economic system -Type of government (democracies are less violent) Interstate level -Power relations among major actors in the international system -Power transition theory: -Conflicts generate large wars at times when power is relatively equally distributed (have challenger to hegemon, bad news) Global level -Major warfare in the international system is cyclical (sometimes peaceful, sometimes not) -Another approach links large wars with long economic waves (Kondratieff cycles) Conflicts of Ideas: Ethnic -Large groups of people who share ancestral, language, culture or religious ties and a common identity -Dislike that members of one ethnic group systematically feel toward another ethnic group -Based on intangible causes Religious Ideological
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Nationalism -Devotion to the interests of one’s own nation over others -A nation is a population that shares an identity (language & culture) *Principle of self-determination – people who identify as a nation should have the right form state and exercise sovereignty over their affairs -Usually achieved by violence Ethnic Conflict: example of the Kurds, Sudan & Rwanda -Kurds: share culture – want to create a Kurdistan – currently live in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria -Minorities in territories controlled by rival ethnic groups – driven fro land or ethnic cleansing (extermination) -Sudan: largely northern Muslims versus southern Christians -Killed over a million people -Darfur: the government helped Arab militants raid black African (Muslim) Darfur villages -Rwanda: Hutu is the majority & the Tutsi is the minority – a Hutu-nationalist government -Killed over half a million Tutsi in 100 days
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INR 2002 Study Guide Exam 2 November 5 - INR 2002 Study...

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