World Cities World Urban Development info for Exam 1

World Cities World Urban Development info for Exam 1 -...

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World Urban Development Cities of the World, Chapter 1 & 2 Basic Concepts Basic Terminology Urbanization is a process focused on: the physical movement of people from rural to urban places -the change in life style associated with movement to cities Urban Place- usually defined in part on some minimum size of population and density Cities- political designation referring to a place governed by a specific form or forms of a government Metropolis- a large city area, anchored by a chief city surrounded by several other cities, “metro area” Metropolitan Area- central city, its adjacent jurisdictions Rural- all aspects of “country” or agrarian way of life **not urban Central-Place Theory Central-Place Theory- geographic element of location theory with reference to size and distribution of settlements within an urban system – central area and relation with important places Exurban- region beyond the suburbs of a city, often compromised of “ranchettes” Suburban- mostly residential and low density areas surrounding a city Concentric Circles of Urbanized Areas Urbanization Levels Nations are categorized by urbanization levels- extent of population concentration; usually measured by percent of population living in urbanized areas Urbanized areas- built up areas, where urban land uses are predominate Process of Urbanization Studying urbanization involves looking at: -history -economic functions: being in central place, bartering and markets -systems of industry -transportation -city planning and design -urban way of life = culture Urbanization in the Global Context Each city has its own historical, geographic and cultural setting Globalization is making the world smaller Urban places must meet the challenge of sustainability Sustainability E quity- social justice and human rights E conomic resources- jobs and living wages E nvironmental resources- h20, air and sanitation **human needs: shelter and
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health care Key Terms Urbanization – process of urban growth Urbanism – human experience that results from urbanization – social and cultural, political and economic What is a City? Aristotle: “city is established for purposes of survival and is intended for well being” Latin: two key terms Civitas – city – a community of people in a settlement Urb – urban – the physical place they lived Is There A Minimum Population? Hamlet < village < town < city Types of Cities Millionaire or mega city , based on population. World or global city refers to critical functions the city plays in global urban system. Urban system – hierarchical network of cities within a nation or region, usually ranked by population size or economic functions and linked by transportation and communication systems Ecumenopolis – a world network or communication threads that link the entire world into a single system Types of Cities Capital city – “capital” comes from the Latin word for “head” -capital cities are the “head cities” in terms of administration, but not always in terms of
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World Cities World Urban Development info for Exam 1 -...

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