Express Opinions Unit 1 A08 - Express Opinions Unit 1 1...

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Express Opinions Unit 1 1. Oskar Pfungst proved that Clever Hans wasn’t able to solve mathematical problems. Do you still believe that Hans showed intelligence by learning to “read” the movements of his questioners and audience members? Yes, I do. Although Claver Hans didn’t know how to solve mathematical problems, he was smart in deciphering the correct answer just seeing the reactions and emotions of its owner and the public, and it is not something that anyone can do because other animal that can do something like that is the human being. 2. The author states that in order to evaluate animal intelligence we have to test animals in situations that are meaningful for them. Is it possible for people to know what is meaningful for animals?
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Unformatted text preview: How? I think that it is possible to know what is meaningful for animals because the animals are not so different from us regarding primary needs. They have the necessity to eat every day, they try to find their own foods learning different techniques that show their intelligence; for example, a bear can catch fishes in the river using his hands without help from others. Also, a pack of wolves know how to catch a prey using the technique of rounding and this is something they learned by instinct. And there are more needs; for example, animals have different ways to communicate each other when they are under attack from other animals and also it show their intelligence....
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  • Winter '15
  • Clever Hans, mathematical problems, Oskar Pfungst, Carl Stumpf, Claver Hans

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