WWII & Cold War

WWII & Cold War - World War II • Hitler was working...

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Unformatted text preview: World War II • Hitler was working towards his Third Reich, allied in 1936 with Mussolini and setting up a so-called Rome-Berlin Axis • Rhineland remilitarized in 1936, protectorates established in Germany in 1939 • All of this done in the face of English and French acquiescence, Soviet Union is distressed by all this, Stalin urges, pushes, yells at SU, France and England to stand up against Hitler but no one does • Japan has come out of the LON and is expansive; 1937: War on China • • 1935: Neutrality Act (not going to send arms to anybody) • 1937: Neutrality Act #2 (We’ll sell arms to people, you can come to America and pick up your arms because America is not going to “give” their arms away, mostly to England, maybe some to France) • Spanish Civil War • August 1939, Stalin signs a non-aggression pact with Hitler/Germany b/c Stalin is just sitting there, France and England aren’t doing anything o Germany and Soviet Union will have spheres of influence in Eastern Europe o Germany wants sphere in Poland o SU wants sphere in eastern Poland as well as Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania • September 1, 1939: Hitler moves into Poland and very quickly overrun that part of Poland that Germany wants • Britain and France are allied with Poland so they declare war on Germany • August-September of 1940: Battle of England • America/FDR sits back at watches; ally with England/Churchill • Isolationists; we’ll aid England however we can but will not send any Americans over there • Land-Lease : America will lend you supply and in return you give us leases on the Pacific Island; way of giving direct aid to England from food stuffs to armaments • Roosevelt and Churchill meet and commit to destructing Germany • October 1941 • December 7, 1941: Japanese attack Pearl Harbor by surprise and that pulls the US into WWII o US probably should have known that it was coming but they were focusing on the Philippines and never expected Japan to attack o Middle of December 1941: USA declare war on Japan and Germany right away • Hitler has gone sour on Stalin and violates the non-aggression pact, returns to the east and moves on SU o Three strategic points 1. Linengrad 2. Push to Moscow 3. Stalingrad • Once Hitler attacks SU, US and Stalin become new friends • 1935: Neutrality Act (not going to send arms to anybody) • 1937: Neutrality Act #2 (We’ll sell arms to people, you can come to America and pick up your arms because America is not going to “give” their arms away, mostly to England, maybe some to France) • Spanish Civil War • August 1939, Stalin signs a non-aggression pact with Hitler/Germany...
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WWII & Cold War - World War II • Hitler was working...

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