Africa Paper - Megan Schwartz Dr Sooh-Rhee Ryu...

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Megan Schwartz Dr. Sooh-Rhee Ryu International Studies 200 Group Paper: AFRICA 03/17/2015 Environmental Issues in Africa Africa is the second largest continent in the world, populating over a billion people (qtd in Rosenberg 2010) and being home to over 1,100 different species of mammals and over 2,600 species of birds (Africaguide 2015). In the sub-Saharan region alone, there are eight different ecosystems. Due to this, the continent and its countries are rich in environmental resources, making it a target for deforestation, poaching, and industrial agriculture. The sub-Saharan region houses more than eight different ecosystems: deserts, gallery forests, montane, rivers, savanna, tropical forests, wetlands, and woodlands, as well as the ocean on all sides. The desert ecosystem is made up of the world’s largest desert, the Sahara, as well as the Kalahari. These two regions alone are home to over 300 different species. Gallery forests are located along rivers and wetlands in the dryer regions, being the only source of foliage in these areas. Due to their location between dry and wet regions, the gallery forests are at risk due to the side effects of agriculture and dams. The river ecosystems are flourishing regions in Africa, as it is home to some of the largest and most influential rivers in the world, such as the Congo and the Nile. The Nile is known to be the longest in the world, whereas the Congo is the deepest. Due to these vital rivers, there are ecosystems flourishing with diverse species ranging from crocodiles, hippopotamuses, and hundreds of different species of fish. Being that these ecosystems are so diverse in their populations, they are a major target of overfishing, and are also adversely affected by pollution and poor management.
Megan Schwartz Dr. Sooh-Rhee Ryu International Studies 200 Group Paper: AFRICA 03/17/2015 The savanna ecosystems are home to many of Africa’s most popular animal species that are easily recognized worldwide. Unfortunately, these popular animals are at risk of overhunting and poaching, as their bodies are valued at extremely high prices for their exotic and endangered nature. Not only are the savanna’s animals at risk, but what its land offers is also at risk.

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