Exam1StudyGuide - What is Psychology? Text: "the science of...

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What is Psychology? Text: "the science of behavior and the mind " (Gray, 2002, p. 3) The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Where did Psychology come from? Philosophy Socrates Plato Arisotle Are People inherently good or evil? Do our perceptions equal reality? Do we have free will? Physiology Herman von Helmholtz Gustav Fechner Attempted to determine relationship between physical stimuli and our perception Emphasized scientific approach Psychology as an Independent Discipline Wilhelm Wundt (Germany) Philosopher and Physiologist. Believed one could determine mental processes through introspection William James (USA) MD, Philosopher and Physiologist. Wrote Principles of Psychology, first psychology textbook. What is Psychology? The scientific study of behavior and mental processes The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What is science? The use of the scientific method What is the scientific method? (a well-defined method of gaining knowledge) The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What is behavior? Text: “the observable actions of a person or an animal” (Gray, 2002, p. 3). Any activity that can be observed, recorded or measured.
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The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What is behavior? facial expressions crying in infants reading the pressing of bars by rats alcohol consumption blood pressure electrical signals generated by the brain. The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What are mental processes? not strictly definable may include things like thoughts, memories, perceptions, dreams, or personal beliefs. Chapter 2 Methods of Psychology Psychological Research Methods Psychology: "the scientific study of behavior and mental processes behavior - anything that can be observed, recorded or measured Examples of “Behavior” facial expressions crying in infants reading the pressing of bars by rats alcohol consumption blood pressure electrical signals generated by the brain. Psychological Research Methods Psychology: "the scientific study of behavior and mental processes mental processes – (not strictly definable) described as things like thought, memory, cognitive processes, etc. What is Science? “the use of the scientific method Scientific method: A well-defined method of gaining knowledge about something The Scientific Method A method which espouses objectivity , precision , and verifiability
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Based on the philosophy of Empiricism Knowledge can only gained through direct observation Science: observable facts and experiences. Replicability and verifiablity
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Symmons during the Fall '07 term at Western Washington.

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Exam1StudyGuide - What is Psychology? Text: "the science of...

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