{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Exam1StudyGuide - What is Psychology Text"the science of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is Psychology? Text: "the science of behavior and the mind " (Gray, 2002, p. 3) The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Where did Psychology come from? Philosophy Socrates Plato Arisotle Are People inherently good or evil? Do our perceptions equal reality? Do we have free will? Physiology Herman von Helmholtz Gustav Fechner Attempted to determine relationship between physical stimuli and our perception Emphasized scientific approach Psychology as an Independent Discipline Wilhelm Wundt (Germany) Philosopher and Physiologist. Believed one could determine mental processes through introspection William James (USA) MD, Philosopher and Physiologist. Wrote Principles of Psychology, first psychology textbook. What is Psychology? The scientific study of behavior and mental processes The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What is science? The use of the scientific method What is the scientific method? (a well-defined method of gaining knowledge) The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What is behavior? Text: “the observable actions of a person or an animal” (Gray, 2002, p. 3). Any activity that can be observed, recorded or measured.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What is behavior? facial expressions crying in infants reading the pressing of bars by rats alcohol consumption blood pressure electrical signals generated by the brain. The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What are mental processes? not strictly definable may include things like thoughts, memories, perceptions, dreams, or personal beliefs. Chapter 2 Methods of Psychology Psychological Research Methods Psychology: "the scientific study of behavior and mental processes behavior - anything that can be observed, recorded or measured Examples of “Behavior” facial expressions crying in infants reading the pressing of bars by rats alcohol consumption blood pressure electrical signals generated by the brain. Psychological Research Methods Psychology: "the scientific study of behavior and mental processes mental processes – (not strictly definable) described as things like thought, memory, cognitive processes, etc. What is Science? “the use of the scientific method Scientific method: A well-defined method of gaining knowledge about something The Scientific Method A method which espouses objectivity , precision , and verifiability
Image of page 2
Based on the philosophy of Empiricism Knowledge can only gained through direct observation Science: observable facts and experiences.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern