Immigration- Huntington- Spring 2006- Kalamaya

Immigration- Huntington- Spring 2006- Kalamaya -...

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Citizenship I. Citizenship, Generally A. Two ways to think about citizenship: 1. Temporally and geographically a) Overseas   Land in U.S.   LPR   Naturalize 2. Membership (circles of rights) a) Bull’s-eye – citizen (all rights) b) Second circle – LPR (some rights) c) Third circle – illegal alien (limited rights) d) Fourth circle – overseas (no rights) B. Dual Citizens 1. Four different ways to become dual citizenship (pg. 90) a) You’re born here to citizens of another country b) Born outside of U.S. to American citizens c) Naturalize, but don’t give up other citizenship d) Naturalize and give up citizenship (Australian), but reapply and re-attain citizenship. C. Key Questions re: Citizenship 1. When does it make a difference? 2. Should it make a difference (most important question)? a) Rehnquist – Constitution makes numerous distinctions; it matters! b) Bickel – citizenship line is overrated and shouldn’t be dispositive I. Citizenship & Birth - § 301 D. Jus Soli – Soil 1. 14 th  A – “All persons born in the U.S. or naturalized, and  subject to the jurisdiction  thereof…” a) Exceptions to the “jurisdiction clause”: (i) Native Americans –  Elk 2. § 301(a) E. Jus Sanguin – Blood 1. Do  not  need to go through § 201(b)(2)(A) or § 203 analysis b/c child is citizen/LPR automatically. 2. Policy : we do not want a group of expatriates with ties to the U.S. to be excluded. 3. Child      born outside of U.S. is a      citizen     , if parents:     a) Citizen + Citizens – § 301(c) (i) Child is citizen automatically, as long as one parent has “resided” in U.S.
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(a) Definition of “ residence ”: § 101(a)(33) (ii) Policy : citizen-parents will have connection to U.S. and pass them on to child. b) Citizen + LPR – § 301(d) (i) Citizen must have been  physically present  for 1  continuous  year (ii) No requirements for LPR (iii) Policy : require more connections from citizen to make up for tenuous connections of  LPR c) Citizen + Alien – § 301(g) (i) Citizen must have been  physically present  for a  total  of 5 years (a) 2 of those years must be after 14-years-old (b) Can add up months and years (i) EX:  (I) 6 months in 1999 (II) 2 years in 2000-2002 (III) 6 months in 2003 (IV) 2 years in 2004-2006 (c) Military, government, “international organization” work counts as time in U.S. (ii) Policy : citizen-parent must have strong connections to U.S. in order to make up for lack  of connections of other alien-parent. A.
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  • Spring '06
  • Huntington
  • Law, Immigration to the United States, Nationality law, LPR, Moral turpitude

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