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14Intelligence_08

14Intelligence_08 - Emotions(cont and Intelligence Overview...

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Emotions (cont.) and Intelligence
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Overview 1. Genetics of Emotion 1. Culture & Emotion 2. What are emotions for? 1. Intelligence 2. Ways of testing 3. Genetics & Intelligence 4. Environment & Intelligence 5. Gender & Intelligence
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Ekman’s Facial Feedback Theory Is it possible to change how you feel just by changing the expression on your face? Will forcing yourself to smile improve your mood? Some support for James’s theory…?
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Improving mood of executives in Japan
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Facial Feedback Theory ( Paul Ekman, 1984 ) Each basic emotion is associated with a unique facial expression Sensory feedback from the expression contributes to the emotional feeling
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Facial Feedback Facial expressions have an effect on self-reported happiness and anger
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Facial Feedback Facial expressions can produce effects on the rest of the body
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Genetics and Emotion Are facial expressions of emotions learned or are they built-in? Perhaps facial expressions of emotions are learned from watching others… After all, babies do tend to imitate others…
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Babies imitate others, and perhaps learn facial expressions in this manner…
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Genetics and Emotion On the other hand, there is much evidence supporting the genetic basis of facial expressions of emotions. Emotional expression appears very early in life.
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Emotional Expression at a Young Age
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Genetics and Emotion More support for the genetic basis of emotions: Humans and other primates, especially chimpanzees, seem to share similar facial expressions
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Similar happiness expressions?
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Similar anger expressions?
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Genetics and Emotion Facial expressions mean the same thing everywhere.
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6 Basic Emotions Happy Surprise Fear Sadness Anger Disgust Culturally universal expressions See Ekman video
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Genetics and Emotion Strongest evidence for a genetic component to emotions comes from children who are born blind. No way these children could see another’s face. They have never seen what a face looks like when it’s sad, happy or angry. And yet, they show the same facial expressions for emotions.
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Blind children show typical facial expressions for emotions
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Genetics and Emotion The facial expression of emotions appears hard-wired in all of us. - a strong genetic component
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Culture and Emotion Even though evolution has built emotions and their facial expression into us, it’s also clear that culture shapes our emotions in many ways.
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