UNIT IV: MENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMAt the end of this chapter, you shall be able to:a.Identify the mental health programs available in thecommunity;b.Promote wellness and mental health;c.Create a psychosocial support program through PFA.Mental health includes our emotional,psychological, and social well-being. Itaffects how we think, feel, and act. It alsohelps determine how we handle stress,relate to others, and make choices. Mentalhealth is important at every stage of life,from childhood and adolescence throughadulthood. Over the course of your life, ifyou experience mental health problemsyour thinking, mood, and behavior could beaffected. Many factors contribute to mental health problems, including:Biological factors, such as genes or brain chemistryLife experiences, such as trauma or abuseFamily history of mental health problemsMental health problems are common but help is available. Peoplewith mental health problems can get better and many recover completely.The term mental health problem is used to describe symptoms associatedwith a mental disorder, but which are not of sufficient severity to bediagnosed as a mental disorder. For example, stress results in a number ofsymptoms associated with mental disorders, including distress andfeelings of not coping. However, these are not usually of such severitythat a mental disorder can be diagnosed. While mental health problemscan cause significant suffering for individuals and their family, and have anegative impact on work performance, they do not necessarily lead to thedevelopment of a mental disorder.This section considers a number of concepts associated with health,health promotion, and mental health, and their use across differentcultures, countries, and subpopulations. The aim is to describe the placeof mental health in health promotion and of mental health promotion inINTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES4.1INTRODUCTION4.2|MENTAL HEALTH PROGRAM435
the larger area of mental health. This sets the scene to consider in Parts 2and 3 the evidence of effectiveness in promoting mental health and theimplications for policy and practice.Mental health refers to cognitive,behavioral, and emotional well-being. It is allabout how people think, feel, and behave.People sometimes use the term “mental health”to mean the absence of a mental disorder.According to the World Health Organization(WHO): “Mental health is a state of well-being inwhich an individual realizes his or her ownabilities, can cope with the normal stresses oflife, can work productively, and is able to makea contribution to his or her community.”The WHO stress that mental health is “more than just the absenceof mental disorders or disabilities.” Peak mental health is about not onlyavoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness andhappiness. They also emphasize that preserving and restoring mentalhealth is crucial on an individual basis, as well as throughout differentcommunities and societies the world over.