2History_s08

2History_s08 - Psyc101-1: General Psychology Professor:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psyc101-1: General Psychology Professor: Chad Dodson Teaching Assistants: Corrie Hurtt Jennifer O’Neil January 22, 2008
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Contact Information Chad Dodson: email: cdodson@virginia.edu location: Rm B005, Gilmer Hall office hours: (and by appt)
Background image of page 2
The Emergence of Psychology as a Science the ideas that led to the current approach
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Historically, there have been some obstacles to the development of a science of the mind Some conceptual advancements were necessary for the current psychological approach: The mind is a part of nature The mind can be studied empirically What is Psychology? A science of the mind and behavior One’s abilities to objectively measure behavior
Background image of page 4
Belief that human beings are special and the mind is non-physical What is Dualism? Key obstacle to a science of the Mind
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Mind and Brain: Separate things? Dualism : The idea that the world is composed of 2 distinct categories of substance: mental substance (the soul) and physical substance (the body). The mind is a product of the soul. Key to today’s study of psychology. Obstacle to a science of the mind: Church proclaimed that the soul -- and thus, the mind -- was not subject to scientific inquiry (heresy). To do so, was punishable by death…
Background image of page 6
Descartes’s modified Dualism Rene’ Descartes (1596-1650) Since animals have no soul, much behavior does not require a soul. Body can control much behavior and this can be studied without worrying about being put to death by the church. Descartes argued that the soul’s main function was thought - a uniquely human attribute. Descartes suggested that the soul controlled the body through an interface with the pineal gland , a centrally-located brain structure. You can study behavior objectively; not a byproduct of the soul, so it is not heresy. pineal gland
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Dualism can be contrasted with Monism, or the belief that the world can be explained by only one category of substance. Mind and Brain: Separate things? So, according to dualism the mind is NOT a product of the brain (it is a product of the soul) but according to monism it IS.
Background image of page 8
Materialism : The view that nothing exists except for matter and energy. Soul doesn’t exist; mind is a byproduct of the interactions of our brain. According to a materialist view of the mind, all human thought and behavior can be explained in terms of physical processes in the body--in the brain in particular. Thomas Hobbes
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Nosek during the Spring '07 term at UVA.

Page1 / 38

2History_s08 - Psyc101-1: General Psychology Professor:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online