5Learning_08

5Learning_08 - Learning Learning: Overview 3 different...

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Learning
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3 different kinds of learning: 1. Classical Conditioning 1. Operant Conditioning 1. Observational Learning Learning: Overview
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Pavlov’s Famous Experiment
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Pavlov’s Experiment Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Give Stimulus Measure Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Ring Bell Measure Give Stimulus Control Condition Experimental Condition
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Pavlov’s Experiment Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Give Stimulus Measure Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Ring Bell Measure Give Stimulus Control Condition Experimental Condition
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Pavlov’s Experiment Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Give Stimulus Measure Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Meat powder on tongue Ring Bell Measure Give Stimulus Control Condition Experimental Condition
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Neutral Stimulus (e.g., Bell) Does not normally elicit a response or reflex action by itself A bell ringing A color A furry object
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Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Always elicits a reflex action: an unconditioned response Food Blast of air Noise Seeing a tiger
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Unconditioned Response (UCR) A response to an unconditioned stimulus--naturally occurring Salivation at smell of food Eye blinks at blast of air Startle reaction in babies
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Conditioned Stimulus (CS) The stimulus that was originally neutral becomes conditioned after it has been paired with the unconditioned stimulus Will eventually elicit the unconditioned response by itself
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Conditioned Response (CR) The original unconditioned response becomes associated with and is triggered by the conditioned stimulus
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Classical Conditioning : Terms
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Basic Idea: animal learns the relationship between the 2 stimuli, until the new one can substitute for the old one. Shows that automatic responses, or biological states, like salivation, can be triggered by an arbitrary stimulus. Everyday examples: music in movies (think of
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Nosek during the Spring '07 term at UVA.

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5Learning_08 - Learning Learning: Overview 3 different...

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