Middle East 2 - Middle East 2 Tuesday 3.1.1 1:22 AM A Deluge of Deserts IT IS DRY Very dry and arid part of the planet This affects everything in the

Middle East 2 - Middle East 2 Tuesday 3.1.1 1:22 AM A...

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This affects everything in the middle east from how they live to the events that take place Very dry and arid part of the planet IT IS DRY - Flattening globe distorts size - North and South poles are un-proportionally large This is why people think Greenland is huge and Africa isn't that large When in fact the US would fit inside of the Middle East (Map 2) Middle East is 2x the size of the US (5-6000 miles wide) Map shows Middle East as similar in size to US ----------------------------------------------> Misconception of size is due to the Mercator map This place is HUGE Size Matters - Extremely, Basic and Semi-Arid or full on desert Desert = less than 250 mm (10 in) of precipitation/year Unique: Semi-Arid, Steppe like, short grass moving from desert-tropics The Sahel: Transition zone between Sub-Sahara Africa and Sahara Desert Mediterranean climate: Sicily, coast of Italy, South Spain, South CA, The Sahel Semi-Arid = 250-500 mm (10-20 in) of precipitation/year Including Semi-Arid = 90-92% Middle East = 80% Desert Almost all are ALL DESERT Every single state has some desert 250mm as a general rule is not enough to support plant life General Rule: If less than half the area is covered in any vegetation = DESERT 1/3 of the planet is Arid or Semi-Arid Then 80% can't support crops Temp doesn’t matter (Antarctica is the largest Desert on the planet) Records for desert extremes: Sahara = 2nd Largest desert on planet Sahara = Largest HOT desert on planet 70.5ᵒ C = 159ᵒ F Lut = Hottest recorded temp in history of planet (had to use satellites) Dasht-e Kavir (N. Iran), Kavir-e Lut (E. Iran) = 23, 24th biggest deserts on earth Syrian Desert (Syria): ties into the Arabian Desert Middle East has 2, 3rd Largest Deserts on Planet Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Yemen By a S. African team as a stunt Only crossed by humans in the last couple of years Avg. temp 130ᵒ F and <1.2 inch of rain/year
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