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Rightly Guided Caliphs.pdf - ; TOPICAL OF The Rightly...

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;O’LEVEL2058 / IGCSE 0493 ISLAMIYATISLAMIYAT DEPARTMENT SENIOR SCHOOLTOPICALOFThe Rightly Guided Caliphs______________________________________________________________PAST PAPERS&MARKING SCHEMEYEAR: 2010-2019
Rightly Guided CaliphsISLAMIYAT DEPARTMENT SENIOR SCHOOLPage | 1[MAY/JUNE 2019/V 1]a)Outline the reasons for the unrest against ‘Uthman and write an account of the rebellionin Madina that led to his martyrdom. [10]The years 651 to 656 were the years of trouble for the third caliph of Islam. In their answer,candidates have to give the reasons for the unrest against ‘Uthman. The main charges againsthim that could be given are: Appointment of relatives and clan members in important posts ofgovernment. Leniency shown to them in both their personal and professional conduct. Burningof the copies of the Qur’an; and Spending from the public treasury on his relatives.Candidates need to develop these charges. Some may well give reasons to say whether theywere justified or not in their discussion, which should be seen as development of the response.They also need to write an account of the rebellion in Madina against him that led to hismartyrdom.For the second part of the answer it could be said that three columns of men left theirgarrison cities apparently for pilgrimage. Upon reaching Madina they set up camp, they werearmed. The rebels sent their deputations to the three most respected members of the innercouncil of Companions still alive. Their reaction followed by what ensued should be included inthe answer. The response should also include the rebels’ return after having their demand metby ‘Uthman and their return to Madina after intercepting a letter supposedly from the caliph tothe governor of Egypt to put the rebels to death upon their return etc. The siege of the caliph’shouse and the events that led to his martyrdom should all be given in the answer as well.b)‘Umar and ‘Uthman stood by what they believed to be just and were martyred for theposition they took. Can lessons be learnt from their martyrdom? Give reasons for youranswer. [4]For this evaluative response the candidate’s own views are being asked for and should becredited on its own merit.[MAY/JUNE 2019/V 2]a)Mu‘awiya was opposed to ‘Ali’s caliphate. Give reasons for his opposition and write anaccount of the Battle of Siffin which resulted from this opposition. [10]To answer this question, candidates have to firstly write about why Mu’awiya opposed ‘Aliand then go on to write an account of the battle that ensued between them. For the first partthey could say that: Mu’awiya had achieved political success on his own merit and was apopular governor of Syria and hence reluctant to step down from this position.Ali’s election by the support of rebels was contended by Mu’awiya. Another reason for hisopposition was that as an Ummayad he felt that ‘Uthman’s murder was not being avenged by‘Ali and hence he opposed him. The battle of camel between Aisha and Ali was another reasonfor Muawiya‘s opposition Hazrat Ali rejected all overtures for an understanding with Mu’awiya

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Term
Summer
Professor
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Tags
Islam, Ali, Caliph, Abu Bakr

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