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Hazrat Abu Bakr's Caliphate 2021.pdf - 1 Hazrat Abu...

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1Hazrat Abu Bakr’s(R.A) CaliphateElection:While the final rites of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) were in progress it was brought to the attention of HazratUmar that a meeting had been called by Ansar at theSaqifa Banu Saidato elect a successor to the HolyProphet (P.B.U.H).Hazrat Umarhurried to the place accompanied byHazrat Abu BakrandHazrat AbuUbaidah bin Jarrah.The Ansar had almost declared the leader of the Khazraj tribe,Saad bin Ubadahas thecaliph.Hazrat Abu Bakr at this point made a persuasive speech on why a Qurasih should now lead the Muslims. Hereminded them a Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) in which he commanded that according to Arab tradition,the next leader after him should be chosen from Quraish .On hearing this convincing argument another leader of the AnsarKhubaib bin Mundharput forward theproposal fortwo state solution,one led by Madinan and one by a Makkan.At this point hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah said,“O Ansar! you were the first to uphold Islam. Do not be the first to sow the seeds of dissention in it.” Onhearing this, the Ansar quickly withdrew their claim.Hazrat Abu Bakr put forward the names of Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Ubaydah bin Jarrah as caliph but HazratUmar nominated Hazrat Abu Bakr as the political leader of a unified Muslims state based in Madina. TakingHazrat Abu Bakr’s hand Hazrat Umar took the pledge of loyalty to him. After Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Zaidibn Sabit (from Ansar) took the oath of loyalty, people from all sides rushed to pledge their loyalty to HazratAbu Bakr as the Holy Prophet’s(P.B.U.H) vicegerent.The next day atMasjid al Nabvia general oath of loyalty was taken by the Muslims. Hazrat Abu Bakr thusbecame the first Caliph of Islam.When Abu Bakr was elected he said“ O people! I have been selected as your Leader, although Iamnot better than anyone of you. If I am right, obey me. If I am misguided, set me right. The weakest amongyou is powerful in my eyes, until I do not get him his due. The most powerful among you is the weakest inmy eyes, until I do not make him pay due rights to others. I ask you to obey me as long as I obey Allah andHis Messenger. If I disobey Allah and His Messenger, you are free to disobey me”.He adopted the title of“the successor of the messenger of Allah.”Expedition to SyriaAfter assuming the Khilafat the first issue that Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A had to decide was whether or not theexpedition to Syria, should be sent. The Holy Prophet (P.B.H.H) had directed to send this expedition underthe command of Usamah. The circumstances had changed following the death of Holy Prophet (P.B.H.H).At that critical stage in history most of tribes had apostatized from Islam, that is, they had abandoned theirbelief in Islam. Madinah was surrounded by hostile tribes. It was suggested to Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A that itwas not advisable to send the army outside the country. Hazrat Abu Bakr said that according to the wish ofHoly Prophet (P.B.H.H), the army should be sent to Syria.

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Term
Summer
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Abu Bakr, Hazrat Abu Bakr

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