February 7 Working and the Media

February 7 Working and the Media - • More than separating...

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Working and the Media: Values and Practices in news & entertainment February 7 2008
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Thinking about practice Structural considerations – contexts for media work Does economic or regulatory context trump personal or organizational agency? Options Taking risks with economic constraints Ignoring or challenging regulatory frameworks Self-regulation (MPAA)
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How it’s done: News How is news determined? (Not a mirror) Reporting must be rationalized The News Net (Tuchman, 1978) Bureaus Beats Rounds Attributing Power: Important places – where news “happens” Newsworthiness: Inherent to the news itself, or the process?
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News selection is a social (organizational) process Objectivity itself a construct Historically: Prior to WWI, AP wanted a wide distribution “Facts” weren’t enough – they could be manipulated (coinciding with rise of PR industry.
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Objectivity
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Unformatted text preview: • More than separating facts from values • As a practice: does content similarity equates to objectivity? • Equating neutrality with objectivity • A constrained lens on the world • Reflective of journalistic values… • Schudson (2003), objectivity breaks down at tragedy, public danger, and threats to national security • Contextual objectivity (El-Nawawy & Iskandar, 2002). Socialization • Acquiring the rules of a role: the “bundle of expectations associated with different social positions” • Gaining knowledge of convention – but also, a method of social control • Ways of seeing – photographers • Shaping creativity • Identifying patterns for decision making – editors • Socialization and the “Hit System” – assessing potential (but, is it a closed system, where the social conventions constrain production?)...
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February 7 Working and the Media - • More than separating...

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