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Religion Notes 3

Religion Notes 3 - Religion Notes 3*Christianity spread and...

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Religion Notes 3 10/16/07 *Christianity spread and developed through worlds of Hellenism (dominant Greek culture) and Roman Empire -Greco-Roman world (1 st World in NT) *Romans – 63 BCE, made Israel a Roman province -Appointed Herod the ruler of Israel 20 years later (king of Palestine) -Astute politician, switched sides before his fell -Roman name of Israel was Palestine (from the Philistines) -Popular with Romans, hated by Israelites (heavy-handed, dictator, killed even his own family members) -Known for building projects (renovated the temple) -Hated by so many that he was afraid no one would mourn his death, so Jewish leaders were arrested and ordered to be put to death (when he died) so people would mourn something when he died -Sent troops to kill children when wise men did not returned with Jesus’ location -When Herod died soon after Jesus’ birth, kingdom was divided into several pieces *Archelaus (later ruled by Pilate) - Judea *Herod Antipas – ruler of Galilee that arrested John, where Jesus was sent *Philip -Jesus’ ministry occurs in Galilee and Judea (Herod and Pilate, respectively) -Samaria in between Galilee and Judea, Jewish believed they were a corrupted form of Judaism *Jewish people avoided Samaria when traveling Jewish World (2 nd World in NT) *Synagogue – not mentioned in OT; institution that was a place where Jews could gather and pray, hear Torah, learn about Torah (developed originally in Diaspora); did not contain a sacrificial system *Temple – primary or most holy place of worship that still contained the sacrificial system *Zealots – refers to people so enthusiastic about overthrow of Rome that they engaged in violence *Sanhedrin – legislative body of Israel *Sadducees – interpreted Torah literally *Pharisees – descendants of Hasidim (faithful to Mosaic Covenant); committed to separation, developed oral tradition with rules; committed to preserving community values and Israel’s identity *Scribes *Samaritans *Titles applied to Jesus: -Messiah – Anointed One; Greek word=Christ -Son of God – one who is an expression of God -Son of Man – Jesus’ most popular title to apply to himself (especially in Mark) to identify himself with humanity -Lord – term acquired by Israelites and used as their way of referring to Yahweh (Adonai – Lord); gave someone honor and authority New Testament: 27 Books *Gospels (1 st 4) – not earliest writings *History – Acts *Epistles – some documents seem to precede date of Gospels *Apocalypse – Revelation
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Gospel: Good News *Gospel could be used as a proclamation of something that was good, then applied to 1 st 4 books of the NT *Proclamation regarding Identity of Jesus -Messiah, King of the Jews -Fully God and fully man -Miracle worker -Savior -Many are faith claims (proclamation/commitment that they came to believe about Jesus’ identities) -Writers chose what to write to support their claims *Synoptic – Matthew, Mark, Luke -Synoptic Problem – term used to refer to scholars determining relationship between Matthew, Mark, Luke because their organization is similar
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Religion Notes 3 - Religion Notes 3*Christianity spread and...

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