Eukaryotic Cells Summary

Eukaryotic Cells Summary - Central vacuole (in plants)...

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A Summary of Eukaryotic Cell Structure and Function General Function(s) Organelle(s) Specific Function(s) Genetic control of the cell Nucleus Chromosomes Location of inherited DNA, which programs cell’s synthesis of proteins Nucleolus Production of ribosomes Manufacture of macromolecules Ribosomes Polypeptide synthesis Rough ER Final steps in synthesis of membrane proteins and secretory proteins; membrane production Smooth ER Lipid synthesis Calcium ion storage and release in muscle cells Carbohydrate metabolism in liver cells Detoxification in liver cells Golgi apparatus Modification, storage, sorting, and dispatching of cell’s chemical products Cellular maintenance Lysosomes Digestion of food, foreign materials, and damaged organelles Peroxisomes Lipid and carbohydrate metabolism Enzymatic disposal of hydrogen peroxide
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Unformatted text preview: Central vacuole (in plants) Intracellular digestion, storage, protection, growth Energy processing Mitochondria Cellular respiration, synthesis of ATP Chloroplasts (in plants and some protists) Conversion of light energy to chemical energy Support, movement, and communication between cells Cytoskeleton Maintenance of cell shape Anchorage for organelles Cell movement Movement of organelles within cells Cell wall (in plants, fungi, and some protists) Maintenance of cell shape and skeletal support Surface protection Fusion of cells in tissues Glycocalyx (in animals) Surface protection Binding of cells in tissues Intercellular recognition Intercellular junctions Communication between cells Binding of cells in tissues...
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course BIO 1306 taught by Professor Adair,tamarah during the Fall '08 term at Baylor.

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