FSN250 Midterm f05

FSN250 Midterm f05 - With the multiple choice questions,...

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Unformatted text preview: With the multiple choice questions, pick the one best answer. With the True/ False questions, use A for True and B for False. 1. What is holism? (a) The belief in the superiority of technologically advanced cultures. zbfi' A focusing on cultures over material artifacts. The study of others without projecting oneself into it. d) he recognition and study of multiple causations or causes which span different academic disciplines. 2. F) The term, primitive, should be avoided because using it implies that ou think your culture is superior and in anthropology one tries to practice cultural relativism. 3. (T/ F) Culture is socially transmitted knowledge and behavior patterns shared a group of people. For example, in America, eating bugs is rare because parents and friends told us not to engage in this behavior. 4. Based on the definitions given in this course, a group of people who have a shared military and educational system would most likely be called a 5@) Binary or dualistic thinking would be adaptive as cultural behavior when it constructs the world in such a way that people in a culture feel more secure; a limitation of binary thinking is that it is not always right and can lead to destructive behaviors. 6. How did the Noah story about his three sons turn into a culturally based (and racially based) stereotype? ' a) One son, Iapheth, engaged in cannibalism, and the descendants of Iapheth are supposedly the peoples of the Orient. Cb) One son, Ham, saw his father naked; Africans are supposed to be decendants of Ham. c) One son, Shem, killed his brother Iapheth, and the descendants of Shem are supposedly the peoples of Europe. d) None of the above accurately illiIstrates the stereotype. '7. ) Cultural beliefs determine the difference between what is spoiled and t which is considered to be fermented; thus, to some Roquefort or blue cheese is rotten milk. 8. As defined in lecture, cuisine refers to a) Food consumed only by one socioeconomic class rather than another b) Rules regarding acceptable ingredients 1 Rules regarding acceptable preparation methods. d) All of the above B and C are true 9. Which of the following are examples of you are what you eat? a) According to the Bhagavad Gita, rajasic foods should be consumed by people of fiery temperament. b) Brillat-Savarin, a French doctor, is remembered for saying, “Tell me what you eat, and I’ll tell you what you are.” c) A cannibal might consume the heart of his victim to gain more courage. (1) Following the law of similarity, one might eat a liver-shaped plant in order to enhance liver function. ® All of the above 10. Human culinary behavior is more complex than the culinary behavior of other animals in that a) We go beyond omophagia b) We cook our foods. We use multiple tools to produce a variety of altered foods All of the above 11. Elizabeth Rozin lists eight factors that govern foods considered suitable for ' consumption. Which one did she not list? " Availability a. Microeconornic principles Nutritional costs and benefits d), Religious sanction e) Palatability 12. Which of the following was not mentioned by Rozin as a process that causes physical changes to food? a) Change of size, shape, or mass such as particulation b) Incorporation Separation or extraction Fermentation 13. Which of the following was NOT listed by Rozin as one of the three cooking categories? @lectromagnetic wave cookery Dry heat cookery c) Wet heat cookery d) Fat cookery 14@F) Fermentation involves foods Whose properties have been altered by e addition of microbes. .\ . _ 16. (T / ) The theory of flavor principles posits that some cultures can be readily s 'nguished by differences in how they flavor their foods. Rozin gives the examples of Canton (black beans, etc), Peking (soy bean paste, etc.), and Szechuan (brown chili pepper). ' ' 16. Rozin comments why humans use spices as flavors. Which phrase best ‘ describes her opinion? a) Spices were used mostly to cover the taint of rotten meat. b) Spices are effective antibiotics and were found to prevent food poisoning. @pices were used to make cured meats more interesting. Spices were used by poor people to enhance their otherwise drab diets. 17. @ F) Rozin states that people whoeat mostly animal foods season less sistently than people who eat mostly plant foods. 18. Rousseau said about the relationship between humans and civilization that a) Civilization has actually improved the behaviors of humans b) In certain societies, civilization has improved human behavior but that in others, it has reduced humans to behaviors shameful even to /‘ animals. I c) Before civilization, mankind was a noble savage Civilization has had no effect on the behavior of mankind. 19. Which statement regarding Indonesia is true? akIts inhabitants are mostly Hindu ”B)‘ East Timor is the only Muslim island N Indonesia has been reluctant to cut down its rainforests " d The Molucca islands are the legendary Spice Islands ‘ There are 1,360 islands in the archipelago 20. Which statement is true? .;a)- "Papua New Guinea is an entire island inhabited by one group of ' ' people, the Hua. b) TNCS or Transnational Corporations are taking great care to avoid doing environmental damage to the island. "Q’Kuru is the name of a religion where people WorShip the pig’ kill and " eat it, and then develop Pig'like Symptoms assia is sold in the US. as cinnamon, although the two are different. 2' . F) The two laws of sympathetic magic are similarity and contamination. If Arnold Schwarzenegger, the governor of our fair state, were to eat mostly muscle meat in order to put more muscle on his frame, the belief that this works would be an example of similarity. 22. An example, given by Meigs, of an absolute rule among the Hua regarding appropriateness of food: ,a) "'a) Avoid eating from the same rice bowl as your sister, as her nu may ' pass to you ,.,rb')"'Avoid eating things cooked in a fire into which a menstruating woman as blown. c)5 at sharp things before going to battle , Avoid eating animals you have killed, as they contain some of your ' own essence ' ' 23. An example, given by Meigs, of a relative rule among the Hua regarding appropriateness of food: barf-Avoid eating eggs if you are pregnant, as your children may be born bald. ® Avoid eating your best produce or pig Avoid cucumbers if you are in menarche 3; Eat sharp things before going into battle 24. (T® For the Hua, aging is associated with over-expressing one’s emotions. 25. (T F? According to the Hua, because of nu, you may eat the corpse of your chi ut not of your same-sex parent. gr 26. Why did the New Guineans have bad opinions about the Jews? ,aJ/Jewish traders had visited the is natives badly. _,_,.b)The Japanese bad~mouthed the Jews during their occupation of the ' land in WWII. e missionaries taught the New Guineans that Jesus had been killed by "the Jews.” ' (1) None of the above lands years before and had treated the 27. Which statement is correct about Marvin Harris’s Phantom Cargo? 1» a) Cargo was a religious concept for certain peoples of Papua/ New Guinea because it was thought to be gifts of the ancestors who released secrets as to its acquisition. b) Yali was shocked during his stay that had been considered to be I of the above 28.@ F) The term, "Indian,' was coined by Columbus, who claimed that he d reached the “Indies,” a name for the Far East tha ' from India through and including Japan. 29. What early anthropologist lived with the Mandans, a farming people of the Upper Midwest? a3” Cabeza de Vaca b) Thomas Herriot ,L Leonard Peltier @eorge Catlin 30. Which dish is not native to, the Americas? afl/Planked salmon b) Pork and beans ,9)? Corn bread /d) Clam chowder @Couscous ’3 31. Which statement is true? a) Native Americans almost never dammed rivers, dug channels, or burned forest. Native American languages belonged to one language family. c) ‘Europeans were just another category of “them.” Trade was rare, so Native Americans were excited when they saw European things. 92.@) If Jean-Jacques Rousseau were to disembark in North America when ' lived (17L11 century), he would have surely exclaimed, "These people prove my theory." 33.@P) Cabeza de Vaca surely proved during the 12 years he spent trekking to exico City the power associated with understanding another culture. 34. Which cooking method was uniquely Native American? _ Steaming Deep-frying = ’ Planking d) Roasting 35. How does the Cherokee creation myth differ from the Genesis creation myth? ,a‘f In the Cherokee creation myth, the Great Spirit was much more unapproachable than in the Genesis creation myth. In the Cherokee creation myth, humans were less superior to animals than in the Genesis creation myth. f)’ In the Genesis account, women were seen as having a civilizing _ influence; not true in the Cherokee creation myth. f) In the Cherokee account, the woman was clearly inferior to the man; not so with Genesis. 36. Which list of food ingredients is not typically Native American? é powder, succotash, cranberries, maple syrup 6 atermelons, sesame seeds, lamb, fava beans or Roasted peanuts, pumpkins, jerky, pemmican Q/Cranberry sauce, succotash, corn bread, planked salmon v3 37. Which statement is correct? a) Chief Seattle is known for making an excellent speech about how his people looked at the concept of land possession. b) Crazy Horse was a "bad Indian” by white standards. c) Leonard Peltier is probably a prisoner of war, according to the usual . definition of such. @All of the above are true e None of the above are true . «~38. What practices of the US. and California governments could qualify as terrorist behavior? - a) Trail of tears: forced march of thousands of Cherokee without food or extra clothing during the dead of winter. jib) Distributing the blankets of smallpox victims to Native American villages. Encouraging the mass slaughter of millions of buffalo to deprive If) Plains Indians of sustenance. ' :. Paying $5.00 per Native American scalp. 9* ll of the above 39. Which statement is correct? ra’)/Chuf1u was a type of corn. that was skinned and boiled. jig/According to the Cherokee creation myth, the first Cherokee was a turtle. : The Cherokee processed nuts by pounding the shelled nuts into a " paste and fashioning them into balls (1) None of the above are true 40. How did the strawberry enter the world of the Cherokee? [@t was used by the Great Spirit to distract the angry woman in a particular myth. . b) It was from a strawberry that the first woman grew. c) The strawberry was a pact between the Great Spirit and the Cherokee to never cause another great flood. d) None of the above. \ 41@) The O’odham stopped consuming their own diet partly because of the evelopment of Federal work projects; they had lost the habit of subsistence “a farming and were actively discouraged from it by the Feds; and partly because cheap canned and preserved food became available. p0pulation? a) The Russian Jews were poorer than all others and so saw greater _ economic opportunity. b) Russian Jews had huge families and their numbers increased ~ xponentially. c) ‘ SSlan Jews were being killed in pogroms; many fled to the US. Russian Christians already lived in the U.S., so their countrymen were 49. (T@The opposite of Kosher or Kashrut is Hararn. . ‘3'» - 50.@/ F) Both knishes and latkes are made from potatoes. 51. Which statement is correct? c) Strangers are more likely to inclusiveness] exclusiveness @All of the above 52. Which ONE of these which the meanings of meals are enriched? share drinks than meals, an example of shared drinks (cocktails, coffee, tea.) b) Meals involve mouth-entering utensils, but drinks involve mouth- -~. touching utensils @ Meals are for strangers but drinks are for friends. ' and a seating order; not so for drinks. 10 55. Which statement is correct? *9} A food that is abominable is a food that is consumed by neighboring Gimmes; it has nothing to do with the food itself. b) n anomalous food is exemplified by one that is damaged. Teaming creatures are OK to eat as long as they stay on the land. E) Animals that eat other animals are fit for the table but not the altar. 56. W ' h statement is true? ‘ “‘ urks and Iranians are not Arabs ) Arabs are Muslims, never Jewish or Christian c) Morocco is 70% Berber, which means Arab d) Mohammed lived before Jesus 57. Islam a) Is highly monotheistic. b) Makes no claim that Mohammed is the Son of God. c) Means "submission". o. Spread quickly across the north coast of Africa in the 8th century OE. All of the above 58@ F) ) Since WWII, many Arabs have moved to Europe and the United tes in search of a better life. 59. Which statement is true? a) Fatwa is Muslim law. Sharia refers to a religious edict he Hajj refers to a once-in-a—lifetime pilgrimage to Mecca. Sunni Muslims believe in the ascendancy of Ali as fourth ‘caliph, unlike the Shi'ites. e) All of the above 60. Which statement is true? ‘ a) Mohammed never lived in Mecca, but after his death Mecca became (’7‘ the holiest site. Imams are community leaders. c) Jihad refers uniquely to a personal war against infidels pal-)4A madrassa is a martyr who is willing to commit suicide. 11 61. Which food is Arabic in origin? a) Tajine b) Couscous c) Sugar lcohol e) All of the above 62. Which food is halal? a) Wine b) Carnivorous animals Pork a» Cl) Beef None of the above 63. Which food is hamm? a) Camel b) Goat c) Lamb _I_. Chicken @Pork 64. Which statement is true regarding Arabic foods? a) The refinin b) Artichokes were introduced c) Candy, an Arabic word, refe g of sugar was first carried out by the Arabs to Europe by the Arabs rs to the island of Crete d Distillation was invented by Arabic alchemists. e , l of the above 65. flip?) The Ottoman emp uding Lebanon. 666,1?) Lebanon in Motion sees the term ” age in Southern Lebanon can s space is no longer limited to a plac communications. ire extended through much of the Mediterranean, global village” to mean how a single pread across the planet and how social e on the map but includes also electronic 12 68. Classical migration research a) Assumed that migration was generally a one-time, unidirectional and permanent process. b) Focused on why people left their coun ' c) Did not assume that a si ' ' up. ortion of immigrants would still ‘ aintain home ties. 9‘ l of the above. ' f‘ musm @The cuisine of southwestern Fr Bordeaux) uses lard as a cooki ance (between the Pyrrenees and i; d) Eastern France has a German i ng fat. nfluence; sauerkraut is commonly eaten. l3 14 81 F) An affinity for French food was a positive for the nouveau riche (the wly rich) but not always a positive for American politicians, who had to put up a populist facade. 82. ( / F The French influence trickled down to the lower classes when the lower classes worked as servants to the upper classes. They brought leftovers home and grew to prefer the upper—class diet. §3@ F) In the early 20th century, the crowning blow to the popularity of French cuisine in American culture was prohibition, the Volstead Act. 84. Which statement is correct? a) Haute cuisine staged a comeback under President Reagan b) Duncan Hines was a true sophisticate when it came to critiquing rench cuisine @ompanionate marriage contributed to the downfall of French cuisine because husbands and Wives spent more time together and less time on the party circuit. )1) Julia Child made French cuisine more mysterious t0 the average person because of her complicated recipes. 85. Which word best describes this: a slice of veal pounded thin, breaded, and fried in oil or clarified butter, then served with a garnish. a) Braten b Stollen @Schnitzel Pfifferling 86. What is the name of a jelly donut in Germany? a) Dresdener b) Marzipan c) Springe’rle CIDBerliner 87. What is a Gastarbeiter? a) The German word for bread baker ‘3 b) A type of omelet filledfwith jam and dusted with confectioner’s sugar c) A rye bread containing sunflower seeds and which has a high level of Vitamin E d) eople from other countries brtjjught into Germany to fill the more menial jobs . 15 8 . (Tl ) In Germany, the 10 DM (Deutsch Mark) barrier has contributed to the ccess of ethnic restaurants over traditional German restaurants, which cannot compete at this price level. 89. What statement best describes how German food resembles American? a) Large portion sizes b) Heavy on the meat. Preponderance of root vegetables @All of the above. .98. Which statement is correct? a) Steak tartare is made with ground meat that is cooked in the skillet b) The hamburger is from Hamburg, where they served meat between I buns long before we started eating it in the U5. ' < ' . The word, Wiener means "from Vienna” None of the above. 91. Which statement is correct? a) Modern Germany partly owes its modernity and prosperity to the Marshall Plan b) Germany became a federal state under the leadership of Bismarck in the 19th century. ' c) German was commonly spoken in the US. in the hundred years before the American revolution d) 1 of the above. 92. F) The Germans, like Japan, have a strong environmental movement, a ong renewable energy industry, and are gradually decommissioning their nuclear power plants. 93. Fritz Haber, an important German organic chemist a) Developed the process to manufacture ammonia, a foundation of modern agriculture. b) Supervised the gassing of troops in WW1. c) Developed Zydone B, a deadly nerve gas used against his own relatives during Hitler’s Final Solution, a campaign to kill all the Jews f Europe. . d) All of the above. “I Wch statement is true? a) The advent calendar was invented by a German printer b) The Christmas tree, decorated or un-decorated, started in Germany. a. Stollen is a German sweet bread. ® All of the above. '16 42. e Diaspora of the Jews refers to: b A fleeing from Israel or Palestine. “H‘s—“h 43. C(TRUEjjSephardic Jews lived mostly in Spain and in North Africa; their cuisine is spicy without being hot. Ashkenazi Jews lived mostly in Germany and Eastern Europe; their cuisine is similar to the cuisine of Germany and Eastern Europe. 44. Which statement is mostly correct? C? Some Jews had moved to various parts of the Mediterranean countries long before the fall of e temple in 70CE. 45. Which statement is correct? a) Kosherustyle pastrami would have the spicing of pastrami but wouldn’t be made from meat that had been slaughtered in the kosher fashion. b) A reform Jew might eat ham c) Orthod0x Jews follow the idea of the Torah more strictly than conservative Jews. d) Kosher slaughter involves the efficient spilling of blood onto the ground, rendering the spirit of the A e) ALL OF THE ABOVE 46. Which statement is correct? a) It is possible to be culturally Jewish bit a non-believer. b) The time of E1 Andavus was a period when Jews, Muslims, and Christians coexisted peacefiilly in South Spain. c) For years, European Jews were forbidden from owning property. d) A pogrom was a mass—slaughter of Jewish peasants in Russia ALL OF THE ABOVE 47. Which food corresponds to this description: “unleavened bread made on a precise schedule to avoid . u possibility of fermentation.” Matzah 95. ALSE) he Germans rival the French in the number and variety of their cheeses. 96. FALSE) Vorspeisei ’5 German for main dish. 97. 'ch statement is correct? a) The field of food ways is more likely to expose one to the multiple types of French pastries made in a Cajun bakery than is the field of anthropology. 98. hoose which is most .likely a cultural epiphenomenon? There is no clear reason why hot dogs made in the South are colored red whereas hot dogs made in the North are pale pink. 99. Which situation best illustrates how culture can be adaptive? a) A ten-yeaI—old thinks better of picking and eating a mushroom in the woods after remembering that her mother called them “toadstools” 100. Anthropology concerns the origins, development, and variety of human and their cultures. ...
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This homework help was uploaded on 02/12/2008 for the course FSN 250 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '07 term at Cal Poly.

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FSN250 Midterm f05 - With the multiple choice questions,...

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