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PSY 4013 – Midterm ReviewReview:oBiopsychosocial modelBiologyPsychologyImpact of societyoHistory of health psychology:Chinese Taoist sages and indian practitioners of Ayurveda – mind body connectionHippocrates (300-400 B.C) – sickness due to imbalance of the four bodily fluids;father of western biomedicineRene Descartes – “I think therefore I am”Galen- examined the dead to find the cause of diseaseWilliam James (1897) – wrote the principles of psychologySigmund Freud (1890s) – illness could be due to psychological causesFranz alexander & helen dunbar (20thcentury) – coined psychosomatic medicineBehavioral medicine- looks at nonbiological influences on healthMedical anthropology- committed to improve sociocultural roots of anthropologyoNon-western medical approachesTCM:treats the body as a whole; everything is connected to each other, andtreatment methods reflect that.Two main systems that influence health and well-beingYin: darkness, moon, cold, femaleYang: light, sun, hot maleFive phases: wood, fire, earth, metal, water; source of illness is imbalance ofthose forcesAyurveda:traditional Indian medicine; sources of illness is five elements (similarto TCM)Treatmentayurvedic physician uses inspecting the patient and inquiring on lifestyle orroutines; modern day integration of western medicinesCuranderismo:curanderos are full time physical and spiritual healersSources of illnessNatural and supernatural; imbalance between two realms result in illnesslevels of treatmentmaterialspiritualmentalherbs or mix or treatmentsoAfrican American BeliefsVoodoo:persecution and survival of voodoo in the U.STypes of healersNot universal
Folk medicineoNative American MedicineBeliefs and treatment vary across different tribesContinuous historical trauma from columbus invading, the trail of tears, and

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Term
Fall
Professor
danielle smith
Tags
Psychology, History of Health Psychology

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