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Lecture 1 Basic Elements.pptx - Anatomy and Physiology of...

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Anatomy and Physiologyof theSpeech and HearingMechanismDr. Beth BarnesPh.D., CCC-SLP
Overview and TerminologyAnatomyThe study of the structure of organismand its partsPhysiologyThe study of the functions of alivingorganism and its parts (includeschemical processes)
Basic Elements of AnatomyImportance of Anatomy to theSLPTo evaluate people withspeech/language disorders, e.g.VoiceDysphagiaAphasiaTraumatic Brain InjuryOral Motor Disorder
Basic Elements of AnatomyTo that end, the SLP needs to studyDescriptive AnatomyPathological AnatomyDevelopmental Anatomy
Basic Elements of AnatomyDescriptive AnatomyKnowledge of individual parts orsystems of the bodyKnowledge of the respiratory, hearing,articulatory systems, etc
Basic Elements of AnatomyPathological AnatomyKnowledge of anatomy for the diagnosisand treatment of disease/disorderRecognizing abnormal structure i.e. cleftpalate, ankyloglossia, velopharyngealincompetenceHow/where a cleft palate is formedHow vocal nodules/polyps are formed, e.g.
Basic Elements of AnatomyDevelopmental AnatomyDevelopment of an organism fromconception to adulthood, e.g.Knowing how the infant vocal tract differsfrom an adult’sKnowledge of how the hard palate is formedThe sequence of neural development (soyou can anticipate teratogenic affects asvarious points in pregnancy)
Anatomical TerminologyPlanes of OrientationSagittal:vertical- that divides the bodyinto right and left partsCoronal:vertical- divides the body intoanterior and posterior (front and back)Transverse:horizontal- divides the bodyinto superior and inferior (top andbottom)
Anatomical TerminologyErect– standing straight up, facingobserverProne– lying face downSupine– lying face upVentral–toward the front of the bodyDorsal– toward the backbone
Anatomical TerminologyAnterior– toward the front, inreference to extremities or the head(in reference to the body, same asventral)Posterior– toward the back,inreference to extremities or the head(in reference to the body, same asdorsal)

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Term
Fall
Professor
Goldston

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