Social Movements Test One

Social Movements Test One - Social Movements Test One Life...

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Social Movements Test One Life Cycle of Social Movements 1. Preliminary / Primary stage- when people have unfocused discontents/grievances. You know you have discontents but you aren’t sure how widespread it is or what the cause is. This stage is also noted by restlessness. People in this stage are susceptible to organizers. 2. Popular Stage- when the discontents/ grievances become catalyzed (usually sparked by certain events). Immediately after this catalyst event, people start explaining or justifying the problem. Example- Henry Ford would explain the huge turnover of workers by saying they’re immigrants, lazy, irresponsible, etc. Organizers show prophetic voice (here’s what we say we are vs. here’s what we really are). 3. Formal Organization Stage- Social Movement Organizations (SMO’s). When you start to organize people into organizations. They become rational, planned ways to change society. This stage is where the professional organization leaders take over. This stage is where change starts to occur. 4. Institutionalized Stage- SMO’s achieve some level of success and become mainstream (institutionalized). They become interest groups with access. The grievances continue and a new cycle of social movements begins again. Re-radicalization occurs (newer and younger people pick up where past social movements have left off). Cycle starts again. Earliest Expressions of SMO’s. 1. 1804-1806ish- Expression didn’t originally come from unskilled workers. They thought of them as un-organizable due to the fact that they were illiterate and disproportionably women and children (no voting rights). 2. Skilled workers were concerned about losing the skills - worried about being replaced by machines. They weren’t just losing wages, they were losing status (even last names came from the family trade; i.e. baker, shoemaker, etc). The more people that can do the jobs, the more people that are in line for the jobs.
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3. Pre-Political Protest- Tardiness= giving your employer the finger. Factory shutdowns. Rough forms of strikes (particularly bootmakers). 4. Employers reacted quickly- They formed their own company unions- it takes away the power of the collective. As long as its relatively trivial things, you have a voice. Once workers realize this re- organize and strike again. Employers can’t replace the skilled workers so they had them arrested for conspiracy “Unlawful Combination” 5. Employer’s Argument- 1.Argument was that you had the right do things alone (quit, talk to the boss, etc) but not collectively. That would mean more power for the employees. Employees were being charged with conspiring to do things before the “crime” was even committed. 2.Unions would hurt the employees themselves- Employees will
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Social Movements Test One - Social Movements Test One Life...

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