Social Movements Test Two

Social Movements Test Two - Sociology Test Two Businesses...

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Sociology Test Two Businesses and Organized Labor Businesses trying their own methods to repress organized labor. 1. Try to disrupt the unity of the workers by hiring unskilled immigrants - brought in 40 million to undermine other labor. Deliberate effort to create a huge floating supply of labor drives wages down. They would segregate workers by language, ethnicity, etc. to cut down communication and pit them against each other. Henry Ford realized later that he could control them if they worked together. 2. Company Unions - It gave it the atmosphere of organized labor without any real power. Problem is that the company wouldn’t negotiate about important things (wages, etc). Essentially working men clubs. Attempts to undermine/ weaken organization 1. Hired Labor Spies- used spies so that they could be one step ahead of workers/ unions no matter what. Example Ford’s Sociology Department. 2. Agent Provocateur- Like a labor spy except they are specifically trying to provoke them into doing things (in order to repress them). Provoke them to do things they might not have done otherwise (create violence, etc.) 3. Bribe union officials- it tones down the unions, makes them quieter and less powerful. Creates cooperation in order to undermine. 4. Blacklisted workers 5. Writing of yellow dog contract- contract for workers to sign before being hired that said they would not join a union. Very effective. Contract listed consequences of breaking contract usually blacklisting. 6. Move Production- Go to places where unions don’t exist or are hard to organize. Production follows cheap labor (which is unskilled labor). Often just the threat of moving production could destroy union activity people didn’t want to lose their jobs.
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7. Political Lobbyists- Businesses hired lobbyists to lobby against any pro-labor legislation that could come through. Companies had huge amounts of political power. 8. Creation of Trade Associations- Developed to struggle against organized labor. Developed to organize business therefore increasing power (Power comes in organization). 9. Hire strike breakers or scabs- Someone who crosses the picket line and works during a strike or who literally breaks up strikes with sticks and violence. 10. Make very strong business contacts with local officials- get press, police, preachers, etc. to side with businesses. Also get library to be sympathetic to businesses by buying them books, etc. They thought if they became part of the community, the community would be less sympathetic to the workers/ unions (like “you shouldn’t strike, look at what the businesses have done for you, its not that bad, etc”). 11. Negative Framing- union groups are stereotyped to be communists, radical, atheists, and other bad things. Negative framing is when you can get people to automatically associate things or people with bad things. Framing = automatic connection (to something negative). Characteristics that Organizers Have
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course SOC 241 taught by Professor Dredge during the Fall '08 term at Austin College.

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Social Movements Test Two - Sociology Test Two Businesses...

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