Sociology of Religion test 1

Sociology of Religion test 1 - Infusion of religion in...

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Infusion of religion in social movements makes them hard to defeat Many movements have been lead by religious people/ influence. Why? 1. Religious people are trained by the bible. 2. They are generally good communicators. 3. They are good with group dynamics. 4. They have respect and legitimacy. 5. They have associated ties- If you are trying to organize a movement, you can use people that you know that will offer their resources instead of trying to get enough money to buy your own. Religious midwives- associate with religious groups who have a history with your concern and they will “birth” your movement. Example: A peace activist could align with the Quakers. A poverty activist could align with Catholics. The value of legitimacy 1. The legitimacy of the religion can be associated with your cause- if people think or come to believe that God prefers the cause, it gives it the highest authority. It’s what God would want to happen. Movements become prophetic- the prophetic voice says here’s what we say we are, but here’s what we really are. Here’s our real education system. Here’s how we really treat minorities. The prophetic voice says that gap should be closed. MLK’s speech is an example: “We are here to cash the check written in 1863.” The prophetic voice is the most dynamic. Prophetic voice creates the true believers. Most religions have moral imperatives (love, justice, etc.). It’s imperative that you create justice, solidarity, etc. Why? Because God says that you should. It’s not a suggestion, it’s imperative. Connection between religion and social movements: Religious movements can be social movements themselves. Macur Olsen- Logic of Collective Action- Said the problem is trying to get people together The collective good: something everyone can benefit from without regard to their contributions. Example: PBS, women’s movement. The collective good creates freeriders (People
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enjoying the benefits without contributing) All movements have the problem of freeriders. How do you get enough people to participate? 1. Selective Incentives - something that benefits you specifically. Has to be a promise that it could happen, not a guarantee. Could be a shirt, hat, keychain, etc. Usually free. Example: Civil Rights movement- Montgomery bus movement. If you boycotted the bus, they gave you a ride to work. “We can’t guarantee this is going to happen, but if you don’t participate, it’s definitely not going to happen… Here’s what we can do though…” 2. Solidarity Incentives - If you get enough people to join, the people that join develop this kind of incentive. You start making friends in the group that share your problems and understand the need for change. You share the same causes, etc. You also find a sort of power because you are standing up for
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Sociology of Religion test 1 - Infusion of religion in...

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