Chapter 1 Notes

Chapter 1 Notes - Principles of Psychological Research PSYC...

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1 Principles of Psychological Research PSYC 2094 Rob Walters, M.S. Instructor Chapter 1 Research in the Behavioral Sciences Thought Experiment s Imagine, as vividly as you can, a scientist at work. Let your imagination fill in as many details as possible.
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2 Origins of Behavioral Research s Early Predecessors to Behavioral Research b Philosophy b Religion b Primitive Medicine b Astrology & Numerology
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3 Transition From Superstition s Scientific Psychology born during the last quarter of the 19 th century c/o early researchers (e.g., Wilhelm Wundt, William James, John Watson) s Realization that questions about human behavior, thoughts, emotion could be addressed scientifically – just like the “hard sciences” (chemistry, physics, etc.) Goals of Behavioral Research s Basic Research vs. Applied Research s Regardless – three general goals of psychological research b Describing Behavior b Predicting Behavior b Explaining Behavior
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4 Behavioral Science and Common Sense s Often deals with topics familiar to most people s Assumption that findings are mostly common sense s Nevertheless, consensus of belief is not indicative of accuracy s “Common sense” beliefs can often blind us to alternative and innovative ways of understanding phenomena that are more valid s As a researcher, one must question everything The Value of Research to the Student s 1. Understand relevant professional research s 2. Knowledge of research creates more intelligent and effective research consumers s 3. The development of critical thinking s 4. Helps one to become an authority in a specific
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSYC 2094 taught by Professor Trcunningham during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Chapter 1 Notes - Principles of Psychological Research PSYC...

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