Chapter 2 Notes

Chapter 2 Notes - Review of Chapter of Chapter 1 Questions...

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1 Review of Chapter of Chapter 1 s Questions about human behavior, thoughts, emotion could be addressed scientifically s Basic Research vs. Applied Research s Three general goals of psychological research s Two Primary Tasks of Scientists s Hypothesis vs Theory s A Priori vs. Post Hoc explanations s Deduction: vs induction s Conceptual vs operational definitions s Strategies of Behavioral Research s Primary Specialties Chapter 2 Behavioral Variability in Research Behavioral Variability s Behavioral Variability: How and why behavior varies across situations, differs among individuals, and changes over time s Leary’s 5 propositions s Proposition 1: Psychology and other behavioral sciences involve the study of behavioral variability
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2 Leary’s 5 propositions (cont’d) s Proposition 2 : Research questions in these fields are questions about behavioral variability s Behavior = cognitions, emotions, performance, etc. s Proposition 3 : Research should be designed in a manner that allows the researcher to answer questions about behavioral variability Leary’s 5 propositions (cont’d) s Proposition 4 : The measurement of behavior involves the assessment of behavioral variability s Proposition 5 : Statistical analyses are used to describe and account for the observed variability in the behavioral data Proposition 5 S Purpose of statistics : to summarize and answer questions about the behavioral variability we research S Two types of statistics
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3 Proposition 5 (Two purposes of statistics) s 1. Descriptive Statistics : Used to summarize and describe the variability in the behavior of participants. s 2. Inferential Statistics : Used to draw conclusions about the reliability and generalizability of one’s findings. Behavioral Variability thread:
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSYC 2094 taught by Professor Trcunningham during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Chapter 2 Notes - Review of Chapter of Chapter 1 Questions...

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