January30th

January30th - Notes 1/30/07 I) Monasticism(continued) A) 4...

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Notes 1/30/07 I) Monasticism(continued) A) 4 reasons for monasticism: 1) Pessimism about the Roman culture 2) Folks started focusing on biblical mandates for fasting and celibacy. 3) Social climate was ripe 4) The end of the persecution monasticism rose as a way to supply heroes. B) Anchoritic Monks 1) Cenobitic – west a)Begins with Benedict of Nursia (480-550) II) 3 Major Developments (in the first four centuries) each of these developments was a reaction to something else A) Heirarchy 1) Ignatius of Antioch a) Bishops i) Apostolic Succession (Ireneaus) is the spread from Jesus to his apostles and the to the Bishops, the church uses this idea to explain to the people why should they listen to the Bishops (because their teaching can be traced straight back to Jesus) b) Presbyters c) Deacons B) Canon 1) the church began to define what we know today as the new testament, finally. The criteria they used: a) connected to an Apostle i.e. old b) Useful for the community 367 – Athanasius - 27 books Eusebius
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course REL 1350 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.

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January30th - Notes 1/30/07 I) Monasticism(continued) A) 4...

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