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february27th

february27th - For a time there was two popes In 1409 the...

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Notes 2/27/06 I) West in late middle ages – politically people were thinking of themselves as part of a larger entity instead of belonging to a specific area ruled by a specific lord. a. 1337-1453 france and England (100 years war) b. dissatisfied with the way things were going and the way the church was running things. i. was a time of economic depression ii. time of the black plague II) Babylonian captivity of the church a. Clement 5 th (1305-1314) not a strong personality i. Moved the papacy to Avignon, France until 1377 ii. The church kind of fell apart at this point and the foundation was shaken. b. Gregory XI – moves the papacy back, but only rules for a short time c. Urban VI – bc the papacy had been in France for so long the clergy was mostly French. He can be considered clinically insane and a power monger. The college of cardinals ended up kicking him out. d. Clement VII – Urban refused to abdicate the thrown though, “I’m the pope, you can’t do that to me.” The French favored Clement though.
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Unformatted text preview: For a time there was two popes. In 1409, the leaders call a counsel and here they decide that there shouldn’t be two popes, they throw out both popes because neither showed up to the counsel. Alexander is selected to council. e. 1417 – Martin V f. Pius II – 1460 Execrabilis III) Great schism a. The church is doing whatever it can to raise money b. Pilgrimages became wildly popular IV) Reform movements a. Cathari – wanted to live and embrace poverty b. Waldenses – same c. Dominicans – actually did it d. Franciscans – allowed women into their group. Preachers. e. Wyclffe and Hus – said scripture is really what we should be looking for to replace the councils. The pope should be under the control of scripture. There should not be a demarcation between priests and believers. Advocate for the priesthood of all believers. Followers called lollards. Veneration of mary and saints is silly and superstion....
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