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classnotes1-30 - realities as there are people in the world...

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Notes 1/30/08 Sociology 1301 Tony Foster Non-material: Symbols Language – extremely important aspect of culture. Values Beliefs Norms – rules for behavior. Folkway – customs or traditions that we have come to incorporate into our way of life, don’t know why its tradition, its just something you do. Like opening doors for girls. Mores – kinds of norms that involve issues of right and wrong. Can come from our religious beliefs. Informal and formal norms – formal norms are norms that are written down and enforced, such as laws or rules enforced by a school. Sanctions positive and negative Taboos Material: Technology – even animals have and some make tools, therefore they have technology. Cultural lag – non material culture is slow to catch up to material culture. Sapir-Wharf Hypothesis – suggests that your native language actually influences how a person receives reality. Based on the idea of multiple realities, there may be as many
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Unformatted text preview: realities as there are people in the world. This idea is still difficult though because it is still a hypothesis and there is no plausible way to test the hypothesis. We do have pieces of anecdotal information which tends to support this hypothesis. Ethnocentric – a way to interpret culture, but you compare it to your own ethnicity and center it around your own ethnicity. Thus, the conclusions you would draw about other ethnicities or what not are wrong and abnormal because your ethnicity/culture/way of life is the only way, the best way, and the smartest way. To think sociologically one needs to learn cultural relativity and one will learn to analyze a culture in the context of that specific culture. Mainstream culture is a general way of life with patterns, there is always exceptions which we call sub-cultures of mainstream culture. An extreme deviation from mainstream culture is called a counter culture....
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