psychnoteschapter6 - b Unlimited capacity information c...

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Psychology 2301 Notes Chapter 6 2/5/08 Kasey Mayberry Professor Johnson Memory – the mental processes that enable us to retain and use information over time. The following is a process: I) Sensory Memory (gets attention from short-term memory) a. Environmental information is registered b. Large capacity for information c. Duration ¼ second to 3 seconds II) Short-Term (working) Memory (gets encoded and stored in the long-term  memory and can be retrieved by short-short term memory) a. New information is transferred from sensory memory b. Old information is retrieved from long-term memory c. Limited capacity for information  d. Duration approx. 20 seconds III) Long-term memory (has been encoded and stored, can be retrieved) a. Information that has been encoded in short-term memory is stored
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Unformatted text preview: b. Unlimited capacity information c. Duration: potentially permanent. OK, so the following is the rest of the notes: I) Memory a. Use it or lose it, from the day we are born our brain begins a process called pruning. b. Maintenance rehearsal c. Elaborative rehearsal d. We usually remember the beginning and the end of something, no all the junk in between. e. Implicit memory f. Semantic memory g. Explicit memory II) Retrieval – getting information out of our long-term memory III) Forgetting – when retrieval fails a. The inability to retrieve information that was once available b. Hermann Ebbinghaus i. The forgetting curve – c. Encoding failure i. Prospective memory d. Decay theory e. Interference theory...
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psychnoteschapter6 - b Unlimited capacity information c...

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