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Soc 1100 Notes.pdf - Sociology Chapter 1: The sociological...

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Sociology Chapter 1: The sociological perspectiveSeeing the general in the particularsociologists identify general patterns in behaviours of individuals - peter bergerEvery person is unique but has the qualities of a categoryThe behaviour of an individual must be understood in the terms of the social cultural andstructural context of military lifeWe think sociology when we realized our individual life experiences are shared bysociety in which we live as well as the categories we fall intoSeeing the strange in the familiarIs using the sociological perspectivefamiliar= people fall in love and marry based on feelingsperspective= society tells us we have to get marriedEx. men and women hold hands- men are in front women are behind: strange in thefamiliarSeeing sociology: marginality and crisisPeople in minority groups are better able to use the sociological perspectivePeriods of change or crisis encourages using the sociological perspectiveEx. instead of saying i can't get a job i suck, its the economy is downThe power of the sociological perspective lies of making sense of our livesApplying the sociological perspectiveGuides laws and policies shaping our livesLeads to personal growth1.Helps us assess the truth of common sense2.Helps us see the opportunities and constraints of our lives3.Empowers us to be active participants in society4.Helps us live in a diverse worldSociological change and sociologyThe rise of factory - based economy, the explosive growth of cities, the spread of newideas about democracy and political rights were important in the development ofsociology in the 18-19 centuriesIndustrial economyInstead of working at home workers became part of a large and anonymouslabour force under control of strategiesThe growth of citiesLand owners closed off more area for grazing sheep = less land for tenantfarmers so they had to look for work in the citiesPolitical change
Middle Ages in Europe believed everyone played their part in the Holy Kingdom-in the writing of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Adam Smith there's a shiftfrom obligation to God to pursuit of self-interest. 1500-1700The French Revolution (1789) changed Society so great they amounted nothingshort of the regeneration of the whole human race.No in Canadian Constitution each person has rights freedoms and protectionsScience and SociologyIn 1838 Auguste Comte Coined the term sociology as a new way of looking at SocietySociology is one of the youngest academic disciplines so farCanadian sociology: Distinctive toughesDistinct from American sociology however Canadian sociology has a uniquefrancophone componentSociology began in Canada and the US in the early 20th centuryFrench Canadian sociology was influenced initially by the Roman Catholic ChurchThe structural Functional approachA framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose Partswork together to promote solidarity and stability

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Term
Spring
Professor
Kowalchuk

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