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History Ch1 - Empires in Conflict(II Europeans Indians and...

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Empires in Conflict (II): Europeans, Indians, and Africans in the Colonial Southeast I. South Carolina: A Colony of a Colony II. Rice Revolution, Black Majority, and Slave Rebellion III. British Security and a failed Utopia IV. Struggles in Florida and Louisiana Barbados - Charles Town - Spanish Sanctuary Policy - Stono rebellion - Negro Act of 1740 - James Oglethorpe - Georgia - Fort Mose - Louisiana - Natchez Revolt - I. South Carolina: A Colony of a Colony In 1663, Charles gives 8 men a large expansion of land south of Virginia, naming it Carolina after Charles. 1676 – North Carolina & South Carolina are separated. Most settlers come for Barbados. South Carolina is a slave society from the beginning. South Carolinians want a slave colony like they left in Barbados, but they had no specific crop. Rice is introduced and South Carolina becomes very rich. II. Rice Revolution, Black Majority, and Slave Rebellion Most people are slaves by 1710 By 1720, 2/3 of people in South Carolina are slaves. Planters use slavery heavily b/c: Europeans didn’t know how to grow rice, Africans did. They needed a large labor force. The climates of the marsh are unhealthy swamps. West Africans had immunities from Malaria and mosquito- born disease. How slaves developed independence: 1- whites preferred to stay away from rice growing areas because of disease. Most plantation owners are absentee owners to get away from the hard work of the plantation. 2- There was not significant control of the slaves. This let slaves talk to each other about anything. In Charleston, slaves are hunters and fishermen, carpenters, blacksmiths, etc… The white population is a numerical minority and slave population is getting bigger all the time. Slave owners leave their slaves practically by themselves for days at a time. A patrol system is created by the colony which is a bunch of guys riding around at night with permission to shoot any black person who didn’t stop when told. Slaves were tortured or executed in public for punishment, this made slaves slightly more docile. Slaves run away by the hundreds.
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The Spanish in Florida are doing anything they can to undermine the colony of South Carolina. They get angry when Charles starts giving away land that isn’t even his. Spanish Sanctuary Policy - Spanish give freedom to any British slave that can make it to St. Augustine. So many slaves make it to St. Augustine, the Spanish make a separate colony for the blacks. 1739 –South Carolina passes a law requiring that all white men bring guns to church 20 slaves gather by Stono River, kill store keeper, steal guns, start killing every white person they can find, mob swells, they burn houses of white people. The slaves are met by armed planters, all who are captured are executed and their heads chopped off. 25 whites and 25 blacks killed. This requires South Carolina to be placed under martial law for a month.
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