HY Ch2 - The Creation of the Constitution 1777-1789 I The Failings of the Confederation II Constitutional Compromises III The Battle over

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The Creation of the Constitution, 1777-1789 I. The Failings of the Confederation II. Constitutional Compromises III. The Battle over Ratification: Federalists and Anitfederalists I. The Failings of the Confederation In 1777, Congress created the Articles of Confederation. Under the provisions, Congress was authorized as a legitimate authoritative body. Every one of the states had an equal part in the government. But Congress had no control over the states. It took until 1781 for all the states to adopt the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation had no legislative branch or judicial branch. It had no authority to collect taxes, only to request money. Sometimes states even refused to pay Congress. Congress had no power to create of maintain an army. On top of all this, the national economy went into a depression after the war. In the fall of 1786, Congress met to try to give the Articles the right to regulate trade. Only 12 or so people showed up. They decided to meet in may of 1787 in Philadelphia and make bigger changes. II. Constitutional Compromises James Madison - had spent the better part of a year reading about every kind of government he could find. When the members decided to disband the Articles, he became the main author of the new Constitution. The problem for the constitution was that they couldn’t find a solution to fit everyone. It was a series of ugly compromises. Nobody was completely happy with it. It was kinda like a hot dog… It tastes really good, but you don’t wanna know how they made it. The Virginia Plan - set forth 3 branches. Within Congress, there were to be 2 houses with much more power over the states. The lower house would be chosen by qualified voters, the upper house would be chosen by state legislature. Representatives were chosen by population. New Jersey Plan – just like the Virginia plan except the national legislation would have one house where every state would have one vote. The Great Compromise – Legislative branch had some powers over the states that it didn’t have before. It would have 2 houses, the lower house representation would be decided by population, the upper house would have 2 representatives from each state with senators chosen by each state legislature. Three-Fifths Compromise – the South had 600,000 slaves, which meant they wanted to count slaves as people. If they were property, they would have little
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influence in congress and face any property taxes the government would pass. If they are people, they get more representation and a possible tax break. They decided for the purposes of representation and taxes they would count each slave as 3/5 of a person. By 1788, 10 of the 13 states had abolished the Atlantic Slave Trade. To make the southern states agree, they said Congress would not interfere with the slave trade for another 20 years. The Southern states also got a national fugitive slave law. One problem left before the Constitution was to become law. Nine of the states
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HY 203 taught by Professor Rothman during the Spring '07 term at Alabama.

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HY Ch2 - The Creation of the Constitution 1777-1789 I The Failings of the Confederation II Constitutional Compromises III The Battle over

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