HY204 - The Civil War North and south I. Wars within the...

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The Civil War North and south I. Wars within the War A. Slavery and the Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation Proclamation - Jan 1, 1863 emancipation proclamation was issued, freeing 3 million slaves in the Confederacy. It however, did not free slaves in Union states. It had a political side to it, Lincoln was worried about keeping border states from joining the Confederacy. 180,00 blacks serve for the North, mostly from the border states. Abraham Lincoln - Andrew Johnson – B. The South Upcountry South – Appalachian South had few slaves and plantations. States in this region, such as Kentucky, Western Virginia, and Eastern Tennessee had strong feelings against succession. Many of the people from this region were fighting in the war in place of slave owners. It became a rich man’s war fought by the poor, which plunged the region further into poverty. Plantation South – the cotton king south, in the lower portion of the south, below the Appalachian Mountains, had many more slaves and plantations. C. The North Changes in the North caused by the Civil War 1. Great economic growth – railroads boomed because the Mississippi River was closed, Chicago becomes a large city because of this economic boom. Textile manufacturing thrives because of the need for soldiers’ uniforms. 2. Business and government – helps the economic trend along because gov’t before was small and now began to get more largely involved with businesses. The government raised money by increasing taxes and tariffs especially on incoming goods. They gave publicly owned lands to the railroad companies to build railroads. 3. Expansion of federal power – the modern day government develops in the north during the civil war as the government expands. The idea of a nation starts to become more popular in the North. This shifts the idea of being loyal to your state to being loyal to the nation. 4. Energized reform efforts in the North – The gradual fulfillment of rights of different groups start to emerge such as women and northern blacks.
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Fredrick Douglas – Used the climate of the attack on slavery to attack the conditions that blacks lived under in the north. He wanted blacks to be welcomed into the great national family of America. New York City Draft Riot (1863) – this showed the adherence in the north to white supremacy and saw the growth of the federal government as a threat. The riots were started by Irish immigrants living in New York. They started attacking draft offices and turned into a widespread attack on factories, mansions, orphanages, and blacks. It was an “orgy of violence.” II. Wartime Construction A. Abraham Lincoln’s Reconstruction Vision He had quite a lenient view of what he wanted the south to do to be admitted back into the union. He wanted to pardon all but the highest Confederate crimes. 10% Plan – Lincoln said if you’re a Southern state that seceded and you can get 10% of
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HY 204 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '08 term at Alabama.

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HY204 - The Civil War North and south I. Wars within the...

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