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Paper 2 - Mason 1 Jonathan B Mason HY 203 Joshua Rothman...

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Mason 1 Jonathan B. Mason April 18, 2007 HY 203 Joshua Rothman Differences Around the Nation In the first decades after the Constitution was ratified, there were several major issues faced by the United States. All of these issues had different roots of conflict and occurred in different parts of the country. The removal of southeastern Indians was caused mostly by ideological disagreements, while the Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania was caused by problems of a more political nature and the construction of the Erie Canal through New York faced many moral obstacles. After the American Revolution, the sense of revolution against established government carried on into the first years after the establishment of the United States. This idea manifested itself again in the Whiskey Rebellion, which pitted western Pennsylvania farmers against the federal government. The main cause in this rebellion was the different political ideas coming from the farmers on the frontier and the politicians in Philadelphia. This difference in political opinion was mainly caused by the tax Congress placed on whiskey by passing the whiskey excise of 1791 ( The Whiskey Rebellion p. 27) This tax was implemented to pay the debts the United States had incurred during the Revolutionary War. Farmers on the frontier, mainly in western Pennsylvania, were upset at this act because they had no way of getting their crops to market other than
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Mason 2 turning their grain and corn into whiskey because otherwise they would ruin before they could be sold. These farmers saw the Whiskey Act as a tax placed directly on them, even though they had no direct representation in Congress. The farmers affected by the tax would have been much more willing to pay but they were getting no services from the government in return, such as protection from Indians on the frontier. The concerns of these farmers regarding the competencies of the federal government were stated in The Whiskey Rebellion by saying, “To the frontiersmen, it seemed the government was very competent ‘to every end but that single one by which alone it can benefit us, the protection of our territorial rights. It is competent to exact obedience but not to make that
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